Consultation Draft (February 2017)

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GLOSSARY

Affordable Housing

Social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing, provided to eligible households whose needs are not met by the market.  Eligibility is determined with regard to local incomes and local house prices.  Affordable housing should include provisions to remain at an affordable price for future eligible households or for the subsidy to be recycled for alternative affordable housing provision

  • Social Rented Housing is owned by local authorities and private registered providers (as defined in S.80 of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008), for which guideline target rents are determined through the national rent regime.  It may also be owned by other persons and provided under equivalent rental arrangements to the above, as agreed with the local authority or with the Homes and Communities Agency.
  • Affordable Rented Housing is let by local authorities or private registered providers of social housing to households who are eligible for social rented housing.  Affordable Rent is subject to rent controls that require a rent of no more than 80% of the local market rent (including service charges where appropriate)
  • Intermediate housing is homes for sale and rent provided at a cost above social rent, but below market levels subject to the criteria in the Affordable Housing definition above.  These can include shared equity (shared ownership and equity loans), other low cost homes for sale and intermediate rent, but not affordable rented housing.

Homes that do not meet the above definition of affordable housing, such as "low cost market" housing, may not be considered as affordable housing for planning purposes.

Amenity

A positive element or elements that contribute to the overall character of an area, for example open land, trees, historic buildings and how they relate to each other

Ancient Woodland

An area that has been wooded continuously since 1600AD

Ancillary Use/Operations

A subsidiary or secondary use or operation connected to the main use of a building or piece of land

AMR

Authority Monitoring Report – prepared by the Council to provide an assessment of the progress made against targets and the performance of policies.

Biodiversity Action Plan

A Strategy prepared for a local area aimed at conserving biological diversity

BREEAM

BREEAM (BRE Environmental Assessment Method) is the leading and most widely used environmental assessment method for buildings. It sets the standard for best practice in sustainable design and has become the measure used to describe a building's environmental performance.

Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL)

A levy allowing local authorities to raise funds from landowners of developers undertaking new development in order to fund necessary improvements to services, systems or facilities needed by the development

Climate Change Mitigation

Action needed to reduce the impact of human activity on the climate system, primarily through reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Coalescence

The merging or coming together of separate towns or villages to form a whole entity

Community facility

Facilities which provide for the health and wellbeing, social, educational, spiritual, recreational, leisure, or cultural needs of the community

Community Right to Build Order

An order drawn up by the local community and made by the local planning authority (under the Localism Act) that grants planning permission for a site-specific development proposal or classes of development

Community Right to Bid

The right (under the Localism Act) for local communities to request that certain assets are listed as being of value to the local community. If an asset is listed and then comes up for sale, the community will then have 6 months to put together a bid to buy it.

Conservation

The process of managing change to a historic asset in a way that sustains and enhances its significance

Conservation Area

An area of special architectural or historic interest, the character, appearance or setting of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance

Decentralised energy

Locally generated renewable and low carbon energy usually, but not always, on a relatively small scale encompassing a diverse range of technologies

Density

A measure (for residential development) of either the number of habitable rooms per hectare or the number of dwellings per hectare

Designated Heritage Asset

A World Heritage Site, Scheduled Ancient Monument, Listed Building, Registered Park & Garden, Registered Battlefield, or Conservation Area designated under relevant legislation

Development Management

The process of managing, shaping and considering the merits of a planning application by a local planning authority, and whether it should be granted planning permission, with regard to the development plan.

Development Plan

In North East Derbyshire this currently includes saved policies from the adopted Local Plan and will include this Local Plan and adopted Neighbourhood Plans, (and is defined in the Planning & Compulsory Purchase Act (S.39)

D2N2

The Local Enterprise Partnership for Derby, Derbyshire, Nottingham and Nottinghamshire

Employment Land Review (ELR)

A study to review the current employment land supply and look to identify appropriate type, quantity and location of employment land which will be capable of accommodating projected economic growth across the plan period.

Energy Hierarchy

A hierarchy which priorities the conservation and efficient use of energy, and then the generation of energy from renewable and low carbon sources

European Site

Includes candidate Special Areas of Conservation, Special Areas of Conservation and Special Protection Areas, defined in the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 (Regulation 8)

Examination

The process by which an independent planning inspector examines a local plan, with any public recommendations, before publishing a report on its soundness.

Exception Test

The test provides a method of managing flood risk while still allowing necessary development to occur. The Exception Test is only appropriate for use when there are large areas in Flood Zones 2 and 3, where the Sequential Test alone cannot deliver acceptable sites.

Geodiversity

The range rocks, minerals fossils, soils and landforms

Green Belt

A designation for land around certain cities, towns and built up areas which aims to keep this land permanently open or largely undeveloped.  The purposes of Green Belt are to:  check the unrestricted sprawl of large built up areas; prevent neighbouring towns from merging; safeguard the countryside from encroachment, preserve the setting and special character of historic towns; and assist urban regeneration by encouraging the recycling of derelict and other urban land

Greenfield site

Land which has never been built on before or where the remains of any structure or activity have blended into the landscape over time

Housing Market Area (HMA)

The geographical area which reflects the functional relationships of a housing market. The North Derbyshire HMA covers North East Derbyshire, Chesterfield Borough, Bolsover District and Bassetlaw District.

Infill Development

Building on a relatively small site between existing buildings in a substantially built up area.

Infrastructure Delivery Plan IDP

The IDP identifies what physical, social and green infrastructure is needed, such as new roads schools and open spaces who will deliver this, and when.

Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD)

A ward level index made up six indicators (income; employment; health deprivation and disability; education skills and training; housing; and geographical access to services).  The IMD can help to identify areas for regeneration.

Landscape Character

The distinct and recognisable pattern of elements that occur consistently in a particular type of landscape and give it recognisable identity. It reflects particular combinations of geology, landform, soils, vegetation, land use and human settlement.

Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP)

North East Derbyshire falls within two LEP areas, the Sheffield City Region (SCR) and Derby & Derbyshire and Nottingham & Nottinghamshire (D2N2).

Local Development Scheme (LDS)

The Local Planning Authority's programme for preparing the Local Plan.

Local Green Spaces

Green areas of particular local importance identified for special protection according to criteria set out in the NPPF.

Local Wildlife Sites

Local wildlife sites are non-statutory areas of local importance for nature conservation that complement nationally and internationally designated geological and wildlife sites.

Listed Building

A building of special architectural or historic interest, graded I (highest quality), to II* or II.


Local Centre

Includes a range of small shops and perhaps limited services of a local nature, serving a small catchment.

Local Plan

Part of the development plan for a local area.

Local Settlement Gap (LSG)

Local Settlement Gaps- North East Derbyshire District Council's local designation of areas designed to maintain settlement identity.

Town

The largest settlements, identified in the Settlement Role & Function Study.

Mixed Use

Provision of a mix of complimentary uses such as residential, community & leisure uses on a site within a particular area.

National Park

The statutory purposes of national parks are to conserve and enhance their natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage and to promote opportunities for public understanding and enjoyment of their special qualities. National parks are designated by the Countryside Agency, subject to confirmation by the Secretary of State under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.

Neighbourhood Plan

A plan prepared by a Parish or town Council or Neighbourhood Forum for a particular neighbourhood area.  Once adopted, the Neighbourhood Plan becomes part of the development plan for the area.

NPPF

National Planning Policy Framework- Planning policy guidance issued by central government replacing Planning Policy Statements and Planning Policy Guidance Notes

Office for National Statistics (ONS)

The Office for National Statistics (ONS) is the executive office of the UK Statistics

Authority, a non-ministerial department which reports directly to Parliament. ONS is

the UK Government's single largest statistical producer.

Phasing

The phasing of development into manageable parts, for example and annual rate of housing release for a large development that may need to be controlled so as to avoid destabilising housing markets and causing low demand

Planning & Compulsory Purchase Act 2004

The Act updates elements of the 1990 Town & Country Planning Act. The Planning and Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 introduces:

  • a statutory system for regional planning
  • a new system for local planning
  • reforms to the development control and compulsory purchase and compensation systems
  • removal of crown immunity from planning controls.

Previously Developed Land (PDL) (Sometimes referred to as 'brownfield land')

Land which is or was occupied by a permanent structure, including the curtilage of the developable land and any associate fixed surface infrastructure. The excludes land that is or has been occupied by agricultural or forestry buildings, land that has been developed for minerals extraction or waste disposal where provision has been made for restoration.

Planning Obligation

A legally enforceable obligation entered into under Section 106 of the Town & Country Planning Act 1990 to mitigate the impacts of a development proposal.

Planning Permission

Formal approval sought from a local planning authority (such as the NEDDC) to allow a proposed development to proceed, often granted with conditions. Permission may be sought in principle through outline planning applications, or be brought in detail through full planning applications.

Pollution

Anything which affects the quality of land, air, water, or soils which might lead to an adverse impact on human health, the natural environment, or general amenity.

Primary & Secondary Frontages

Primary frontages are likely to include a high proportion of retail uses which may include food, drinks, clothing and household goods.  Secondary frontages provide greater opportunities for a diversity of uses such as restaurants, and businesses.

Protected Species

Plants and animal species afforded protection under certain Acts of Parliament and Regulations.

Public Open Space

Urban space, designated by a council, where public access may or may not be formally established, but which fulfils or can fulfil a recreational or non-recreational role (for example, amenity, ecological, educational, social or cultural usages).

Public Realm

The publicly accessible external space including pavements, streets, squares, parks.

Registered Parks and Gardens

These are designated heritage assets of national importance and are registered for their special historic interest.

Renewable and Low Carbon Energy

Is energy that can help reduce emissions of CO2 and other 'greenhouse' gases

(compared to the conventional use of fossil fuels). Renewable and low carbon energy supplies include, but not exclusively, biomass and energy crops; combined heat and power; heat pumps, such as ground-source and air-source heat pumps; energy from waste including from solid recovered fuel; hydro; solar thermal and photovoltaic generation and wind generation.

S.106 Agreements

A legal agreement under section 106 of the 1990 Town & Country Planning Act.

Section 106 agreements are legal agreements between a planning authority and a developer, or undertakings offered unilaterally by a developer, that ensure that certain necessary extra works related to a development are undertaken.

Saved Policies

Policies within unitary development plans, local plans and structure plans that are saved for a time, pending their replacement through production of Local Development Documents.

Setting (of a Heritage Asset)

Is defined as the surroundings in which a heritage asset is experienced. Its extent is not fixed and may change as the asset and its surroundings evolve.

Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM)

Nationally important monuments that enjoy greater protection against inappropriate development through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

Sheffield City Region (SCR)

A Local Enterprise Partnership that brings together the eight local authorities of Barnsley, Bassetlaw, Bolsover, Chesterfield, Doncaster, North East Derbyshire, Rotherham and Sheffield to work with businesses and other partners towards a common goal of encouraging growth and economic activity to create a prosperous and sustainable City Region.

Specialist Housing

Housing to meet the needs of groups of people who may be disadvantaged, such as the elderly, the disabled, students, young single people, rough sleepers, the homeless, those needing hostel accommodation, key workers, travellers and occupiers of mobile homes and houseboats.

Statement of Community Involvement (SCI)

Sets out the standards to be achieved by the local authority in involving the local community in the preparation, alteration, and continuing review of the Local Plan and development management decisions.

Statement of Consultation

A report by the local planning authority explaining how they have complied with the Statement of Community Involvement during consultation on the Local Plan.


Sustainability Appraisal (SA)

The process of weighing and assessing all the policies in a development plan for its global national and local implications (see also Strategic Environmental Assessment)

Sustainable Community Strategy (SCS)

A strategy which sets the long term vision for economic, social and environmental well-being of a local area in a way that contributes to sustainable development.

Settlement Development Limit (SDL)

A boundary drawn around a settlement which broadly reflects its built form and is used as a policy tool to define the area within or outside which a Local Plan policy will apply.

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)

A procedure which requires the formal environmental assessment of certain plans and programmes which are likely to have significant effects on the environment including those in the field of planning and land use (set out in the Environmental Assessment of Plans & Programmes Regulations 2004).

Sequential Approach/ Sequential Test

A planning principle that seeks to identify, allocate or develop certain types or locations of land before others. For example, brownfield housing sites before

greenfield sites, or town centre retail sites before out-of-centre sites.

In plan-making, local planning authorities can also apply a sequential approach to site selection so that development is, as far as reasonably possible, located where the risk of flooding (from all sources) is lowest, taking account of climate change and the vulnerability of future uses to flood risk.

Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA)

The SFRA maps all forms of flood risk and forms the evidence base to locate new development primarily in low flood risk areas (Zone 1).  Areas of  'low (zone 1) 'medium' (level 2), and 'high' (level 3) risk are mapped using data collected from many sources including the Environment Agency and water utility companies.

Strategic Housing Market Assessment (SHMA)

An assessment of the level of future housing provision and the mix of housing required, prepared across the Housing Market Area.

Social Infrastructure

Facilities enabling social interaction and well being including community, leisure, cultural, education and children's services, adult care and health buildings and other facilities such as local shops, places of worship, allotments, pubs and post offices.

Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)

Areas given special protection under the European Habitats Directive, which is transposed into UK law by the Habitats and Conservation of Species Regulations 2010.


Special Protection Area (SPA)

Areas which have been identified as being of international importance for the breeding, feeding, wintering, or the migration of rate and vulnerable species of birds found within EU countries.  SPA's are European designated site, classified under the Birds Directive.

Supplementary Planning Document (SPD)

A document which adds further detail to the policies in the Local Plan. SPDs can be used to provide further guidance for development on specific sites, or on particular issues.  SPDs are capable of being a material consideration in planning decisions, but are not part of the development plan.

Strategic Site

A site allocated in a Local Plan which is central to the achievement of the Plan strategy.

Sustainable Development

There are three dimensions to sustainable development: economic, social and environmental.  The planning system needs to reflect each role:

  • Economic role: contributing to building s strong, responsive and competitive economy, by ensuring that sufficient land of the right type is available in the right places and at the right time to support growth and innovation, and by identifying and coordinating development requirements including the provision of infrastructure.
  • A social role: supporting strong , vibrant and healthy communities, by providing the supply of housing required to meet the needs of present and future generations, and by creating a high quality built environment with accessible local services that reflect the community's needs and support its health a, social and cultural well being
  • An environmental role – contributing to protecting and enhancing our natural built and historic environment, and as part of this, helping to improve biodiversity , use natural resources prudently, minimise waste and pollution, and mitigate and adapt to climate change, including moving to a low carbon economy

Town Centre

An area defined on the Local Plan Policies Map, including the primary shopping area and areas predominantly occupied by main town centre uses within or adjacent to the primary shopping area.

Tree Preservation Order (TPO)

A mechanism for securing the preservation of single trees or groups of trees of acknowledged public amenity value. A tree subject to a tree preservation order may not normally be topped, lopped or felled without the consent of the local planning authority.

Transport Assessment

A comprehensive and systematic process that sets out transport issues relating to a proposed development.  It identifies what measure will be required to improve accessibility and safety for all modes of travel, particularly for alternatives to the car, such as walking, cycling and public transport and what measures will need to be taken to deal with the anticipated transport impacts of the development.

Travel Plan

A plan which aims to promote sustainable travel choices as an alternative to single occupancy car journeys that may impact negatively on the environment, congestion or road safety.  Travel Plans can be required when granting planning permission for new development.

Urban Design

The art of making places. It involves the design of buildings, groups of buildings, spaces and landscapes, in villages, towns and cities, to create successful development.

Viability

In financial terms, a viable development could proceed if there were no financial reason for it not to, in relation to development costs and returns.

In terms of retailing, viability is a measure of a centre's capacity to attract ongoing investment for maintenance, importance and adaptation to changing needs.

Vitality

In terms of retailing vitality is a measure of how busy a centre is. 

Water-compatible development

Development which is 'compatible' with water for example flood control infrastructure, amenity open space or nature conservation and biodiversity.

Windfall Site

A site not specifically allocated for development in a development plan, but which unexpectedly becomes available for development during the lifetime of a plan. Most

"windfalls" are referred to in a housing context. They tend to be small sites for one or a small number of homes.

Wildlife corridor

A strip of land (for example, along a hedgerow) conserved and managed for wildlife, usually linking more extensive wildlife habitats.




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