Consultation Draft (February 2017)

If you are having trouble using the system, please try our help guide.

6. WORKING COMMUNITIES AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

(2) Introduction

6.1 The Local Plan aims to support the District's economy, an important contributor to the sustainable development of the District and the prosperity and quality of life of its residents. Economic development can help increase employment opportunities, regenerate communities and economic investment. As well as identifying new locations for employment and the means of protecting existing employment of all types, the Plan also supports the District's town centres and tourism economy. This Chapter contains policies to support sustainable economic development.

6.2 The Plan provides for 64.8ha of employment land including that within the strategic sites identified in Chapter 4: Spatial Strategy. Existing employment sites will be protected for employment uses, with some safeguarded principally for B1, B2 and B8 uses, reflecting their importance to the District's economy. In general non-employment uses on protected employment sites will not be allowed. Town centre uses will be encouraged in town centres, and elsewhere only where it would support the economic, community, and social role of Town Centres. In rural areas policies will support small-scale development aimed at diversification of the economy.

Background

6.3 North East Derbyshire is part of the Sheffield City Region which has strong links with the north of the District, and the D2N2 economic area covering Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire.  The Strategic Growth Plans of the LEPs (submitted to Government in 2014) provide the strategic context for the Council's own Growth Strategy, and for the Local Plan. North East Derbyshire also surrounds Chesterfield, which effectively acts as a commercial centre to the District.

6.4 There have been significant changes to the local economy and business base following the decline of traditional engineering and mining-related activities in the 1980s although the District's economy still contains significant manufacturing, construction and agricultural sectors. There has been growth in the business, professional services and the public sector (Education and Health), but starting from a low base. Thus, overall, the percentage of North East Derbyshire's workforce based in these sectors is still relatively low.

6.5 In the decade to 2010 job growth in the authority area was above regional growth levels. However this is in a local economy with a relatively low base of employment. Furthermore the low job density figure[14] reflects that resident jobs relate strongly to nearby employment centres such as Sheffield, Chesterfield and the M1 corridor.

6.6 From 1987 to 2006 some 52.75 ha of commercial and industrial floor space was developed in the District. However this was in the context of significant losses of large industrial mining sites. Between 2006 and 2014 6.32 ha of employment land was developed in the District.

6.7 The District's Growth Strategy & Action Plan and its Economic Development and Housing Strategy set out to unlock the capacity of major employment sites, maintain an appropriate supply of suitably located employment land and premises and work with partners to develop key strategic housing and employment areas. These are, for employment along the M1 Strategic Growth Corridor, the A61 Growth Corridor and principal employment growth locations at:

  • Callywhite Lane, Dronfield
  • Former Biwaters Site, Clay Cross
  • The  Avenue  site, Wingerworth
  • Markham Vale
  • Former Coalite Site

6.8 Whilst unlocking these sites is an important element of the Strategy there are a number of key challenges associated with this including:

a) the need for  significant remediation and investment of these large scale previously developed sites;

b) the  marginal viability of commercial development in the context of particular site constraints and abnormalities; and

c) the need to ensure that sufficient employment land is available to meet future job growth forecasts

6.9 The Local Plan will therefore provide for economic development that meets the objectives of the Growth Plan by identifying sufficient land for anticipated growth in attractive and sustainable locations; and protecting sites in order to improve the attractiveness of the Council's portfolio of employment land. In doing so, a comprehensive review of land allocated for employment, has been carried out through the Employment Land Availability Assessment, informed by the 2014 Employment Sites Review, in line with the NPPF.

(4) Economic Growth and Employment Land Provision

6.10 The Local Plan must set out the quantity and the type of employment land that would meet the needs of the District. This should be identified through analysis of housing, population and economic growth, in line with the Spatial Strategy. Work commissioned by the Council in 2013 has informed the level and location of employment land provision[15].

At the time of writing this Plan further work is on-going to update this evidence base which will inform the next iteration of the Plan.

6.11 The 2013 Employment Land Update recommended that employment land provision for North East Derbyshire should be between 35 & 75ha, with a figure of 45 hectares (gross) for the 20 year plan period being indicated by the most appropriate forecasts. For the present Draft Plan this broad range is being used as a context for establishing the employment land provision.

6.12 In terms of quality of employment land the 2013 Employment Land Update identified issues with poor quality stock and an imbalance in the location of the portfolio of sites, with further land needed in areas of stronger demand (such as in closer proximity to the M1 junction); and to cater for the continued demand for B2 floorspace (particularly from indigenous companies) and emerging digital and creative business service sectors. It also highlighted the physical constraints of the District's potential land supply which would preclude a step-change in delivery.

6.13 The spatial distribution of existing employment land remains as it was for the previous Local Plan; the Clay Cross/Holmewood Corridor is currently the main location for industrial and commercial development land in the South & East. At Markham Vale the small amount of employment land allocation within the District remains mostly undeveloped, while outside the District much of the available land has been developed. Dronfield and Killamarsh are the main focus for employment (B1 & B2) in the North.

6.14 There is a need to safeguard and improve both existing employment sites and the employment land supply across the District. The 2014 Employment Sites Review includes assessments of the sites in the District in terms of their suitability and attractiveness to the current market. It presents a three-fold assessment of what the employment land portfolio can provide and assist with as follows:

  • A number of brownfield sites providing major opportunities for employment investment focused on mixed use regeneration schemes and strategic employment sites.
  • Diversifying the business base to reduce risk should the legacy manufacturing sectors experience a sudden decline.
  • Meeting the needs of indigenous businesses, providing for demand in some locations predominantly generated by local businesses.

6.15 Employment opportunities are not confined to B1, B2 and B8 uses, and employment growth is increasingly provided by other commercial and public sectors such as leisure and the health service. This wider definition of economic development has been reflected in National Planning Policy Guidance. The 2005 Local Plan pre-dated this change and policies limited such uses on employment sites. In adjoining districts more recent Local Plans reflect the National Planning Policy Guidance relating to the increasing diversity of employment generating uses[16].

6.16 The types of location sought after by each non–B class will differ according to the needs of each use.  It is possible that such uses will seek to locate on either allocated employment land, or to recycle sites within existing employment areas. The plan aims to adopt a positive approach to sui generis and other non B class job-creating uses on employment sites provided the use proposed is compatible with the predominant uses on the site, and it is appropriate in terms of its scale, nature and form.  

(1) Provision & Protection of Employment Land to Accommodate Growth

6.17 The 2013 Employment Land Review Update forecast a net increase in employment land across the District of around 8ha, based on employment forecasts. This level of net growth is not expected to change a great deal, on the basis of the further updated work due in 2017. The most significant element of their recommended employment land provision in the District, however, is to address anticipated losses over the Plan period. The 2013 review estimated a losses figure of approximately 32 ha for the 20 year plan period based on previous trends. This estimate will be reviewed in the 2017 update.

6.18 The employment land provision for North East Derbyshire can provide scope to improve the offer of employment sites in the District by allowing for a buffer against potential losses of employment land over the 20 year plan period. As it is not possible to predict where or how much loss of employment land to non-employment uses may occur, the Plan simply assumes a scale of forecast losses, which is likely to need to be replaced, and makes provision accordingly. If fewer losses occur in future this would indicate a more robust future and more growth in the District's economy. If more losses than anticipated happen then this may trigger a review of employment provision and policy.

(1) Employment Land Availability

6.19 The Plan provides for 64.8ha of employment land in line with the strategy to improve the offer of employment sites in the District. The majority of this provision is on the strategic site allocations outlined in Chapter 4. A number of sites are within existing partially developed employment areas. In addition to these is a single employment allocation. Taken together the sites listed in the table below will provide the employment land supply to meet the employment land target in Policy SS2.


(2) Table 6.1 – Employment Land Availability

Site

Hectares1

Land Within Existing Employment Areas


Coney Green Industrial Estate, Clay Cross

11.7

Westthorpe Fields, Killamarsh

0.35

Markham Vale (part former Coalite Works), Long Duckmanton

1.25

Ravenshorn Commercial Park, Renishaw

2.50

Sub-total

15.8



Strategic Site Allocations


The Avenue2

5.0

Former Biwaters Site, Clay Cross2

8.0

Markham Vale, Long Duckmanton

5.0

Land South of Markham Vale, Long Duckmanton

25.0

Sub-total

43.0



Employment Allocations


Callywhite Lane Industrial Estate Extension, Dronfield

6.0

Sub-total

6.0

Total Provision

64.8



1 The areas identified reflect the estimated net developable area for each site. The policies map shows the gross area allocated.


2 The Avenue, and Former Biwaters site forms part of mixed use developments (see housing allocations)


6.20 The effect of this provision in terms of scale is that it provides for  future employment land losses, or stronger growth. The strategic sites and the allocation at Callywhite Lane in particular will provide a significant improvement to the quality of the employment land portfolio of the District.

6.21 A further effect of the review of employment allocations is the de-allocation of one site in the 2005 Adopted Plan, land South of Norwood Industrial Estate, Killamarsh. This land has significant development issues and access issues and is not expected to be deliverable for employment within this plan period.

Employment Land Allocations

6.22 Most of the future employment land supply will be delivered through the strategic site allocations covered by Policies SS4, SS5, SS6 and SS7. Policy WC1 allocates 6 hectares (net) of land for B1, B2 and B8 uses at Callywhite Lane as an extension to the existing industrial estate.

(52) Callywhite Lane Extension, Dronfield

6.23 This is a long-standing allocation from the 2005 Adopted Plan, the northern end of which has been partly developed.  Despite lack of progress on this site it represents an important extension to a valuable industrial area in the North Sub-Area. Issues over access in particular need to be resolved but there is a likelihood that with the anticipated electrification of the East Midlands Main Line and (in the longer term) HS2, such issues will be resolved. The development of the site is limited by the presence of a Local Wildlife Site and flood risk issues so a net developable area of 6ha has been assumed in this draft Plan. Although at an early stage, a development brief for the site is being prepared, which aims to guide the future development of the site.

(2) Policy WC1 Employment Land Allocation

Land shown on the Policies Map for the extension of Callywhite Lane Industrial Estate, Dronfield is allocated for B1, B2 and B8 uses.

Key Evidence Base

  • National Planning Policy Framework
  • Employment Land Reviews (2013 & 2017)
  • Employment Sites Reviews (2014 & 2017)
  • Employment Land Availability Assessment

You told us that...

The Plan should encourage job growth by providing a sufficient supply of available employment land and prevent or provide alternatives for loss of employment land.

Alternative Options considered but not selected...

None

The NPPF tells us that...

To help achieve economic growth, LPAs should plan pro-actively to meet the development needs of business and support an economy fit for the 21st century (para 20). 

Policy implements Local Plan Objectives: D1, D4, D9, D12, D13, N1, N3, S1, S2, E1, E2

How will the policy be monitored?

Indicator: 

  1. Amount of employment land approved and completed

Target:

  1. In accordance with provision in Policy SS2

Protection of Employment Sites

6.24 Although future losses of employment land are accounted for in the overall employment land target set in Policy SS2 these losses must nevertheless be subject to some control. The Plan recognises that many existing sites provide an important contribution to the local and strategic portfolio of employment sites and should be retained[17].

6.25 The Plan seeks to secure and retain the sites identified for employment use. These areas, which are existing employment sites and allocations, have been identified as the most appropriate employment locations and will be safeguarded from potential redevelopment or change of use to a non-employment use, for example housing or retail.  Certain sites, listed under policy WC2 as Priority Employment Sites, are identified as being particularly important for the retention of the District's B-class employment base, either strategically, or locally for that settlement.

6.26 Some sites currently in use are considered less important to retain solely for B1, B2 or B8 uses. In line with guidance in the NPPF and the wider definition of employment, redevelopment for other appropriate employment generating uses will be considered under Policy WC3, in line with the Plan's Objectives to support the District and local economy. Proposals for main town centre uses will be considered also in the light of policy WC6, the scale of the proposal and size of settlement, and in relation to the market being served by the proposal.

(4) POLICY WC2: Primary Employment  Areas

The following sites as shown on the Policies Map are protected for office, light industrial and research and development (Use Class B1), general industrial (Use Class B2) and storage and distribution (Use Class B8).

Clay Cross/Danesmoor

Coney Green Industrial Estate

Bridge Street Industrial Estate/Upper Mantle Close

Pilsley Road

Corbriggs

Industrial Estate, Mansfield Road

Dronfield

Callywhite Lane Industrial Estate

Stubley Lane/Wreakes Lane Industrial Estate

Eckington

Rotherside Road

Holmewood

Holmewood Industrial Estate

Holmewood Industrial Park

Holmewood Business Park

Killamarsh

Norwood Industrial Estate

Rotherham Close

Sheffield Road/Forge Lane

Westthorpe Fields, off Green Lane

Long Duckmanton

Markham Vale, NE of Chesterfield Road (part former Coalite wks)

Renishaw

Ravenshorn Commercial Park

Temple Normanton

Temple Normanton Business Park

Key Evidence Base

  • National Planning Policy Framework
  • Employment Land Reviews (2013 & 2017)
  • Employment Sites Reviews (2014 & 2017)
  • Employment Land Availability Assessment

You told us that...

The Plan should encourage job growth by providing a sufficient supply of available employment land and prevent or provide alternatives for loss of employment land.

Employment sites should be protected against their loss, but considerations should be made over whether a site should be protected where it is clear that employment uses cannot / will not come forward.

Alternative Options considered but not selected...

None

The NPPF tells us that...

To help achieve economic growth, LPAs should plan pro-actively to meet the development needs of business and support an economy fit for the 21st century (para 20).  Planning policies should avoid the long term protection of sites allocated for employment use where there is no reasonable prospect of a site being used for that purpose.  Land allocation should be regularly reviewed.  Where there is no reasonable prospect of a site being used for the allocated employment use, applications for alternative use of land or buildings should be treated on their merits having regard to the market signals and the relative need for different land uses to support sustainable local communities (para 22

Policy implements Local Plan Objectives: D1, D4, D9, D12, D13, N1, N3, S1, S2, E1, E2

How will the policy be monitored?

Indicator:

  1. Amount of employment land approved and completed
  2. Amount of allocated and protected employment land lost to other uses

Target:  

  1. In accordance with provision in Policy SS2
  2. None lost to other uses

POLICY WC3: Secondary Employment  Areas

The following areas are protected as Secondary Employment Areas on the Policies Map.

Clay Cross

Derby Rd (East & South)

West of Derby Road

Dronfield

Gunstones Bakery, Stubley Lane

Sheffield Road

Eckington

Littlemoor Business Park

Stonebroom

Stonebroom Industrial Estate

Tupton / North Wingfield

Station Road (Hepthorne Lane)

Morton

Morton Ind Est

Within Secondary Employment Areas the Council will support development proposals for employment uses where they:

a) Demonstrate that they will maintain or increase local employment opportunities,

b) Maximize opportunities for employing local people and developing skill

c) Do not prejudice the future development of the viable existing uses on the site or nearby employment sites.

Proposals for Main Town Centre Uses on these sites will be considered also in the light of policy WC5, the scale of the proposal and size of settlement, and in relation to the market being served by the proposal.

Development which would involve the full or partial loss of sites or buildings to a non-employment use within the defined secondary employment areas will only be permitted if the applicant can demonstrate that:

d) the land or building is no longer physically suitable for employment uses and there is no realistic prospect of re-use or redevelopment for such uses[18]; and

e) there is  no demand for the building or redevelopment of the site as evidenced  through unsuccessful active marketing for employment use over a period of 2 years; and

f) the proposed use  does not prejudice the future development of the viable existing uses on the site or nearby employment sites. 

Key Evidence Base

  • National Planning Policy Framework
  • Employment Land Reviews (2013 & 2017)
  • Employment Sites Reviews (2014 & 2017)
  • Employment Land Availability Assessment

You told us that...

The Plan should encourage job growth by providing a sufficient supply of available employment land and prevent or provide alternatives for loss of employment land.

Employment sites should be protected against their loss, but considerations should be made over whether a site should be protected where it is clear that employment uses cannot / will not come forward.

Alternative Options considered but not selected...

None

The NPPF tells us that...

To help achieve economic growth, LPAs should plan pro-actively to meet the development needs of business and support an economy fit for the 21st century (para 20).  Planning policies should avoid the long term protection of sites allocated for employment use where there is no reasonable prospect of a site being used for that purpose.  Land allocation should be regularly reviewed.  Where there is no reasonable prospect of a site being used for the allocated employment use, applications for alternative use of land or buildings should be treated on their merits having regard to the market signals and the relative need for different land uses to support sustainable local communities (para 22)

Policy implements Local Plan Objectives: Policy implements Local Plan Objectives: D1, D4, D9, D12, D13, N1, N3, S1, S2, E1, E2

How will the policy be monitored?

Indicator:

  1. Amount of employment land approved and completed
  2. Amount of allocated and protected employment land lost to other uses

Target

  1. In accordance with provision in Policy SS2
  2. None lost to other uses

(1) Ancillary Development on Employment Sites

6.27 The Council will support development proposals which are ancillary to, or support the economic viability of employment sites and the local economy.  Therefore ancillary development including workplace nurseries and catering facilities, education and training facilities, and other sui-generis uses which create jobs will be encouraged.  However care will be taken to ensure such development does not prejudice the operation of neighbouring employment activities and sites.

(1) Policy WC4 Ancillary Development on Employment Land

In addition to Policy WC2 proposals for the redevelopment of existing employment sites, or for the use of those sites for other employment generating uses will be permitted:

  1. Where the proposed use would be ancillary to the main employment use of the application site; or
  2. Where the proposed use will directly support the functioning of the application site for employment purposes and would not prejudice the future development of the viable existing uses on that or nearby employment sites.

Any proposal will need to accord with other policies in this Plan.

Key Evidence Base

  • National Planning Policy Framework
  • Employment Land Reviews (2013 & 2017)
  • Employment Sites Reviews (2014 & 2017)
  • Employment Land Availability Assessment

You told us that...

The Plan should encourage job growth by providing a sufficient supply of available employment land and prevent or provide alternatives for loss of employment land.

Employment sites should be protected against their loss, but considerations should be made over whether a site should be protected where it is clear that employment uses cannot / will not come forward.

Alternative Options considered but not selected...

The scale and choice of employment allocations and the protection of existing employment sites has been based on a robust assessment of employment land, employment sites, and the level of demand across the District. Therefore, no alternatives have been considered which run counter to the evidence.

The NPPF tells us that...

To help achieve economic growth, LPAs should plan pro-actively to meet the development needs of business and support an economy fit for the 21st century (para 20).  Planning policies should avoid the long term protection of sites allocated for employment use where there is no reasonable prospect of a site being used for that purpose.  Land allocation should be regularly reviewed.  Where there is no reasonable prospect of a site being used for the allocated employment use, applications for alternative use of land or buildings should be treated on their merits having regard to the market signals and the relative need for different land uses to support sustainable local communities (para 22).

Policy implements Local Plan Objectives: D1, D4, D9, D12, D13, N1, N3, S1, S2, E1, E2

How will the policy be monitored?

Indicator: 

  • Amount of employment land approved and completed
  • Amount of allocated and protected employment land lost to other uses

Target:

  • In accordance with provision in Policy SS2
  • None lost to other uses

(1) Retail and Town Centres

6.28 Strong, vibrant town and local centres are vital to creating a thriving District. It is important to have a good retail offer in the District to reduce leakage of retail expenditure to shops outside of the District, whilst recognising the role of the District's centres within a wider network, including Sheffield and Chesterfield. The retail sector provides a plentiful supply of employment which needs to be utilised for the District's local economy.

6.29 The National Planning Policy Framework requires local authorities to quantify the need for additional retail development and then identify locations for such development by applying a sequential approach which prioritises town centre locations, in order to ensure the vitality and vibrancy of town centres.

6.30 A Retail Capacity Study for Chesterfield and North East Derbyshire was produced by Nathaniel Lichfield and Partners (NLP) in 2008. This report modelled future retail expenditure growth for the District up to 2016, 2021, and 2026 and the potential implications of new floorspace. 

6.32 Existing evidence on shopping patterns and future retail needs is being updated through a new Retail Study commissioned jointly with Bolsover District Council and Chesterfield Borough Council. This work will be important in developing policies and defining the limits for the town centres of Dronfield, Clay Cross, Eckington and Killamarsh and the District's other smaller local centres. The study will consider the need to identify sites for town centre uses, identification of primary shopping frontages and for setting local thresholds to trigger impact assessments.

The outcome of this work and any implications for policies and allocations will be included in the next iteration of the Plan.  

Town Centre and Local Centre Boundaries

6.33 The town centre boundaries shown on the Policies Maps accompanying this draft Plan have been carried forward from the 2005 Local Plan. They will be retained until such time as they can be replaced and informed by the new evidence.

Retail Development Outside Centres

6.34 In line with the overall approach to support economic growth and sustainable communities, the Plan allows small scale retail development to serve the needs of local communities in locations outside centres.  Evidence set out in the Retail Study update will set out local threshold for such development, beyond which an impact assessment would be required, to ensure that development is of a scale appropriate to its location.

(4) Policy WC5: Retail Hierarchy and Town Centre Uses

Retail Hierarchy

The Council will protect and enhance the following hierarchy of Town, and Local Centres in the District:

Principal Town Centres - Dronfield and Clay Cross.

Secondary Town Centres – Eckington and Killamarsh.

Local Centres – to be defined

A sequential approach will be taken to assessing development proposals for the main town centre uses as defined in the NPPF, in line with this hierarchy.

Proposals for retail and other town centre uses in the Centres defined in the Retail Hierarchy above should:

  1. Be consistent in scale with the size and function of the centre; and
  2. Safeguard the retail character and function of existing centres and not detract from their vitality and viability.

Any quantitative expansion or new provision within the town centres should contribute to enhancing the town centre public realm.

To ensure the vibrancy and economic health of the District's centres, the mix of uses will be controlled in order that uses other than A1 will:

a) Contribute to the diversity of leisure and cultural attractions, without overwhelming the retail function of the centre, street or frontage by having a detrimental impact on vitality and viability

b) Help to create an active, well used and safe evening environment, with acceptable impacts on residential amenity;

c) help to address vacant, under-used or derelict buildings within centres

d) Contribute to an appropriate mix of licensed premises

Primary Frontages

Primary retail frontages will be defined.

Within primary retail frontages, A1 (retail) uses will be supported as the predominant use.

Retail development outside centres

Small shops serving the day to day needs of local communities will be permitted within Settlement Development Limits.

In all locations outside of those identified in the retail hierarchy, the loss of local shops and other local services will be resisted, in line with Policy ID6 (Social Infrastructure).

Proposals for retail or town centre use development in the countryside will only be permitted where they accord with Policy SS14 (Development in the Countryside) and where they are of an appropriate scale for their location.

Local Threshold for Impact Assessment

To be defined

Key Evidence Base

  • National Planning Policy Framework
  • Chesterfield Borough and North East Derbyshire District Retail Study (2008 and 2017)

You told us that...

The Plan should protect and enhance the District's town and village centres. There should be appropriate additional service, retail, leisure and employment uses in the centres. Retail policies should be informed by an updated joint retail study.

Alternative Options considered but not selected...

None. National policy is clear on the policy requirements for local plans for new retail development

The NPPF tells us that...

Planning policies should be positive, promote competitive town centre environments and set out policies for the management and growth of centres of the plan period. Local Planning Authorities should:

  • Recognise town centres as the heart of their communities and pursue policies to support their viability and vitality
  • Define a network and hierarchy of centres that is resilient to anticipated future economic changes
  • Define the extent of town centres and primary shopping areas, based on a clear definition of primary and secondary frontages in designated centres, and set policies that make clear which uses will be permitted in such locations
  • Promote competitive town centres that provide customer choice and a diverse retail offer and which reflect the individuality of town centres; and
  • Set policies for the consideration of proposals for main town centre uses which cannot be accommodated in or adjacent to, town centres (paragraph 23)

The NPPF defines Main Town Centre Uses as follows:

Retail development (including warehouse clubs and factory outlet centres); leisure, entertainment facilities, the more intensive sport and recreation uses (including cinemas, restaurants, drive-through restaurants, bars and pubs, night-clubs, casinos, health and fitness centres, indoor bowling centres, and bingo halls); offices; and arts, culture and tourism development (including theatres, museums, galleries and concert halls, hotels and conference facilities).

Policy implements Local Plan Objectives: D1, D2, D3, D4, D9, D12, D13, N1, W1, W3, S1,

How will the policy be monitored?

Indicator:

  1. Percentage of primary frontage in main towns in use as retail (A1)
  2. Vacancy rates in retail centres
  3. Approved and completed retail floorspace outside retail centres

Target:  

  1. None


(2) Tourism

6.35 The Plan aims to support the District's role as a visitor/tourist destination, building on and adding to, the strength of existing attractions, townscapes and landscapes, encouraging the development of new visitor attractions and accommodation, capitalising on the District's role and location on the Peak Fringe.

Information on LEP tourism policies/strategies still awaited and will be inserted in the next version of the document

6.36 A healthy tourism economy can help sustainable economic growth in the District, building on both North East Derbyshire's proud heritage and its location on the fringe of the Peak District. The visitor economy is a significant, growing and a resilient part of the District's economy, supporting around 1,800 jobs and with annual expenditure well in excess of £100m[19]. A strong tourism economy will help to support and maintain communities and community facilities, especially in rural areas, and maintain attractive environments.

6.37  The Local Enterprise Partnership strategies both give attention to growing the tourism economy. In particular the visitor economy is one of eight key sectors of the D2N2 Growth Plan. D2N2 is working on developing the visitor economy by increasing opportunities and markets. It is supporting 'Visit Peak District and Derbyshire' which has developed 6 aims within its own Growth Strategy.

6.38 The rural and tranquil nature of much of the District's countryside is an important asset for residents and visitors.  Therefore, development within the countryside needs to be compatible with its location in order to protect the area's special character. It is important to ensure that all heritage and environmental assets are both protected and supported in appropriate ways to enable them to flourish.

6.39    New tourist attractions will be directed to accessible and sustainable locations, particularly the main towns and larger settlements in order to expand the tourism offer in the District and encourage visitors to stay longer. Where it is appropriate, tourism development in less accessible locations should be focussed on the conversion of existing buildings and developments that contribute to rural diversification, enjoyment of the countryside, and access to heritage.

6.40 The Local Plan seeks to support sustainable rural tourism development which can be shown to benefit rural communities and businesses, and which respect the character of the countryside. Planning for tourism in rural areas of the District should make the most of the area's rural assets, enriching and enhancing them, rather than harming the very character, quality and beauty that makes them attractive to visitors and residents. This can be achieved by ensuring that developments and levels of visitor activity are not likely to significantly affect key assets, including protected sites and species, landscape character and historic buildings and conservation area

(4) Policy WC6: Visitor Economy and Tourism

Proposals for tourism development  in the District will be permitted where they:

a) Are located in sustainable and accessible locations areas that can accommodate additional visitor numbers without detriment to the environment or the vitality of existing centres; and

b) Are appropriate to  the site's location in terms of scale, design, or materials; and

c) Are appropriate to the role of the settlement respecting the character and appearance of the open countryside; and

d) Do not have a significant adverse impact on any environmental designation.

Proposals for tourism development will particularly be encouraged subject to a - d above where they would:

i. enhance the tourism offer within towns and villages

ii. assist in the restoration and enhancement of Chesterfield Canal

iii. support the promotion of the District's industrial heritage

iv. Build on links with the Peak District National Park

v.        Extend and/or upgrade the District's Green Infrastructure and network of multi-user trails.

vi.       Provide a viable and appropriate use for under-used buildings

Key Evidence Base

  • National Planning Policy Framework

You told us that...

The Plan should encourage tourism development and rural diversification and activities. The District's natural and historic assets and access to the countryside provide important tourism opportunities.. The Chesterfield Canal in particular should be restored and developed for visitor use.

Proposals for tourism development should be encouraged to provide a viable and appropriate use for existing under-used buildings including heritage assets. Tourism development in less accessible locations should be more readily allowed where it uses existing buildings and/or would contribute to rural diversification, enjoyment of the countryside or access to heritage.

Alternative Options considered but not selected...

None

The NPPF tells us that...

Plans should support sustainable rural tourism and leisure developments that benefit businesses, communities and visitors in rural areas, and which respect the character of the countryside (para 28). This should include supporting the provision and expansion of tourist and visitor facilities in appropriate locations where identified needs are not met by existing facilities in rural service centres (para 28). The planning system should contribute to and enhance the natural environment including protected wildlife, geodiversity sites, and landscape areas in a way which is appropriate to their status (para 109) Local Authorities should set out a positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment, while recognising that heritage assets are an irreplaceable resource (para 126).

Policy implements Local Plan Objectives: D1, D3, D4, D9, D12, D13, N1, N2, W2, W3, S1

How will the policy be monitored?

Indicator:

  1. Number of completed new or improved tourist attractions in the District

Target:  

None identified

Tourist Accommodation

6.41   Visitor accommodation in rural areas, in suitable locations, can have a positive impact on the local economy.  Appropriate conditions restricting this accommodation to holiday use will be applied, to avoid the provision of owner occupied second homes which are economically less beneficial and do not positively contribute to sustainable communities.

6.42 The occupation of static caravans for permanent residential use is not considered appropriate unless they are located within an established static caravan park specifically developed for that purpose, or within settlements.  Storage sites for touring caravans help remove caravans from residential areas where they are often unsightly.  However, sites need to be secure, well screened throughout the year, and preferably located close to settlement where they can easily access and support local shops and services.

6.43  Proposals for visitor accommodation in the countryside would need to be accompanied by a business plan which identifies tourism related needs and demonstrates the likely impact on business viability.

(1) Policy WC7: Tourist Accommodation

New visitor accommodation, or extensions to existing visitor accommodation, will be permitted where:

  1. It is appropriate to the scale and character of the area; and
  2. It is not used for permanent residential occupation

Proposals for visitor accommodation in the countryside will be permitted where:

  1. It is an extension to existing visitor accommodation and helps to ensure future business viability; or
  2. It is in accordance with Policy SS14: Development in the Countryside; or

Proposals for new, and extensions to existing, sites for chalets, camping, and touring caravans, including for caravan storage, will be permitted where they meet criteria a to d; and:

  1. They are adequately screened all year round; and

f.   They are laid out in a manner which would not adversely affect the character of the area; and

g.  The materials and colour of the chalets and caravans, services and infrastructure are appropriately designed to reduce the visual impact of the proposal on the landscape; and

h. They do not significantly adversely affect the amenity of local residents.

Proposals for new static caravan sites will be subject to the same planning controls as residential development, and should be located within Settlement Development Limits

Key Evidence Base

  • National Planning Policy Framework

You told us that...

The Plan should encourage tourism development and rural diversification and activities. The District's natural and historic assets and access to the countryside provide important tourism opportunities. The Plan should encourage appropriate facilities for tourism accommodation. The Chesterfield Canal in particular should be restored and developed for visitor use.

Proposals for tourism development should be encouraged to provide a viable and appropriate use for existing under-used buildings including heritage assets. Tourism development in less accessible locations should be more readily allowed where it uses existing buildings and/or would contribute to rural diversification, enjoyment of the countryside or access to heritage.

Alternative Options considered but not selected...

None; NPPF identifies a need to support and guide tourism development.

The NPPF tells us that...

Plans should support sustainable rural tourism and leisure developments that benefit businesses, communities and visitors in rural areas, and which respect the character of the countryside (para 28). This should include supporting the provision and expansion of tourist and visitor facilities in appropriate locations where identified needs are not met by existing facilities in rural service centres (para 28). The planning system should contribute to and enhance the natural environment including protected wildlife, geodiversity sites, and landscape areas in a way which is appropriate to their status (para 109) Local Authorities should set out a positive strategy for the conservation and enjoyment of the historic environment, while recognising that heritage assets are an irreplaceable resource (para 126).

Policy implements Local Plan Objectives: D1, D3, D4, D9, D12, D13, N1, N2, W2, W3, S1

How will the policy be monitored?

Indicator:

  1. Number of completed new or improved tourist attractions in the District
  2. Net additional bed spaces

Target

  1. No target
  2. No net loss


[14]   Ne-Derbyshire's job density is 0.50, compared to 0.75 for the East Midlands

[15]   These are the 2008 Employment Land Review, the 2013 Employment Land Update and the 2014 Employment Sites Review & Employment LAA Review 2017.

[16] Paragraph: 033 Reference ID: 2a-033-20140306

[17]   The retention of employment sites is currently informed by the 2014 Employment Sites  Review and a 2017 update to that work will inform the next iteration of the Plan.

[18]   The recommendations of the forthcoming (2017) Employment Sites Study will be referred to when considering this criterion.

[19] North East Derbyshire Housing & Economic Development Strategy 2015-2020

If you are having trouble using the system, please try our help guide.
back to top back to top