Part 1 - Initial Draft (February 2015)

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(2) Appendix A: Housing Requirement by Settlement –

Total for plan period 2011-2031

Settlement Sub Area Total dwellings 2011 Recommended growth (% growth on 2011 stock) Completions 2011-14 PPs at 31/03/2014 (minus 12% delivery) Residual requirement (Excl. completions and pp) Potential yield (Phase 1 SHLAA sites minus 50% & excl pps Notes
Principal Towns
Dronfield North
9545
3% = 285
34
70
181
100
Green Belt Housing imbalance – lacking social rent Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Clay Cross South
4342
17% = 735
76
138
521
1,050
Housing imbalance – lacking market housing IMD 37% growth including 900 at Biwaters
Secondary Towns
Eckington North
3230
8% = 260
18
77
165
90
Green Belt Housing imbalance - lacking market housing Declining population Limited sites - growth based on capacity
Killamarsh North
3864
4% = 155
8
53
94
50
Green Belt Declining population Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Large Settlements
Holmewood East
1407
40% = 565
0
187
378
525
Housing imbalance – lacking market housing and larger dwellings IMD Specific requirement, near strategic employment and most sustainable medium order settlement, hence higher growth.
North Wingfield South
2805
20% = 560
13
53
494
595
IMD Specific requirement and position in hierarchy hence above average growth.
Wingerworth South
2739
17% = 465
10
209
246
420
Housing imbalance - lacking smaller dwellings and social rent Declining population Partial Green Belt and specific requirement hence slightly above average growth. Also reflects close proximity to significant growth at Avenue Strategic Site
Tupton South
1499
17% = 255
1
4
250
435
Slightly above average District growth
Walton West
263
2% = 5
2
4
0
0
Green Belt Housing imbalance – lacking smaller dwellings and social rent Declining population
Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Calow East
1063
25% = 265
-1
40
226
220
Near to strategic employment and transport connections hence above average growth
Grassmoor South
1388
17% = 235
10
85
140
340
IMD Declining population Housing imbalance – lacking market housing
Partial Green Belt and specific requirement hence slightly above average growth.
Shirland West
539
40% = 215
2
106
107
450
Above average growth due to need to maintain services in the rural areas.
Holymoorside West
689
1% = 10
5
6
0
0
Green Belt Housing imbalance – lacking social rent Ageing population Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Renishaw North
737
25% = 185
6
12
167
90
Green Belt Above average growth due to housing needs in the North
Stonebroom South
815
20% = 165
-1
15
148
350
Declining population Housing imbalance – lacking market housing
IMD
Specific requirements and non green belt hence above average growth
Arkwright Town East
291
25% = 75
14
16
45
0
Housing imbalance – lacking market housing and larger dwellings Near to strategic employment and transport connections hence aiming for above average growth
Ashover West
290
40% = 115
1
4
110
20
Housing imbalance – lacking social rent Ageing population
Above average growth due to need to maintain services in the rural areas
Morton South
528
20% = 105
7
34
64
100
Declining population Housing imbalance – lacking social rent
Specific requirement and non green belt hence above average growth
Pilsley South
1022
14% = 145
2
78
65
200
District average growth
Temple Normanton South
212
14% = 30
0
4
26
210
Housing imbalance - lacking social rent Partial Green Belt and specific requirement hence average growth
Small Settlements
Cutthorpe West
252
0% = 0 -
1
0
0
-
Green Belt Declining population
Ageing population
Housing imbalance – lacking social rent
Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Heath East
121
25% = 30
1
8
21
268
Declining population Housing imbalance – lacking smaller dwellings and social rent
In same output IMD area as Holmewood
Specific requirement and near strategic employment hence higher than average growth
Higham South
379
14% = 55
1
25
29
180
Declining population Housing imbalance – lacking social rent
Average growth to reflect position in hierarchy
Highmoor North
97
0% =0
0
0
0
15
Green Belt Declining population
Housing imbalance – lacking social rent
Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Holmesfield West
350
1% = 5
0
6
0
-
Green Belt Declining population
Ageing population
Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Lower Pilsley South
551
14% = 80
0
39
41
35
Housing imbalance – lacking social rent
Average growth to reflect position in hierarchy
Mickley South
268
14% = 40
-1
11
30
45
Declining population
Housing imbalance - lacking market housing and larger dwellings
Specific requirements hence aiming for average growth
Ridgeway North
249
6% = 15
5
14
0
-
Green Belt Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Marsh Lane North
417
1% = 5
1
7
0
-
Green Belt Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Unstone Green North
430
1% = 5
0
0
5
4
Green Belt Housing imbalance – lacking market housing and larger dwellings
Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Fallgate West
145
20% = 30
2
9
19
-
Housing imbalance – lacking smaller dwellings and social rent Ageing population Above average growth due to need to maintain services in the rural areas
Littlemoor (including Alton) West
137
14% = 20
-1
3
18
3
Average growth due to need to maintain services in the rural areas.
Kelstedge West
128
20% = 25
0
1
24
-
Declining population Ageing population Above average growth due to need to maintain services in the rural areas.
Long Duckmanton East
259
25% = 65
0
26
39
42
Declining population Housing imbalance – lacking social rent
Specific requirement and near strategic employment hence higher than average growth
Wadshelf West
140
3% = 5
0
4
1
-
Green Belt Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Barlow Commonside West
140
0% = 0
2
0
0
-
Green Belt Housing imbalance – lacking market housing Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Barlow Village West
134
0% = 0
0
1
0
-
Green Belt Ageing population Housing imbalance – lacking social rent Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Brackenfield West
93
20% = 20
0
0
20
9
Ageing population Housing imbalance – lacking social rent Above average growth due to need to maintain services in the rural areas.
Old Brampton West
134
2% = 5
0
2
3
-
Green Belt Ageing population Housing imbalance – lacking smaller dwellings and social rent Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Unstone Crow Lane North
135
2% = 5
1
2
2
-
Green Belt Housing imbalance – lacking social rent
Limited sites – growth based on capacity
Wessington West
143
20% = 30
33
15
0
11
Housing imbalance – lacking market housing Ageing population Above average growth due to need to maintain services in the rural areas
Other areas, not related to settlements
n/a
0
69
196
0
?
Strategic Sites n/a
0
1,500
0
1275
225
225
PP at Avenue for 469 minus 12% = 413
PP at Biwaters for 980 minus 12% = 862
TOTALS
41970
6770
321
2825
3929
6082

*Figures may not add up correctly due to the calculation rounding from individual settlements

Appendix B

Five Year Housing Land Supply calculation:

5 Years from Adoption (2014 – 2022)

A. Annual requirement

300

B. Years

X 8 yrs = 2400

C. + 20% buffer

2400 + 300 = 2700

D. Shortfall (2011-2014)

900 – 321 = 579

E. Sedgefield

2014 – 2022:(2700 + 579) / 8 = 410 pa

2022 – 2031: 8/9 x 300 = 267 pa

F. Liverpool

2014 – 2022: (2700/8yrs) + (579/17yrs) = 372 pa

2022 – 2031: (8/9yrs x 300) + (579/17yrs) = 301 pa

(4) Appendix C:

Sustainability Appraisal

In accordance with legal requirements the District Council has carried out a Sustainability Appraisal alongside preparation of the new Local Plan. The process has supported the consideration of how the emerging local plan policies and proposals may affect the achievement of sustainable development. Consequently Sustainability Appraisal has helped to shape the Plan’s Strategy and lead to additions or amendments to the Plan’s Strategy and policies.

It is important to note that the context for the Local Plan Part 1: Initial Draft 2015 has changed considerably since SA work began in 2007. The National Planning Policy Framework has replaced Regional Strategies as the key starting point for consideration of local plan policies, the number of new dwellings required in the District has reduced, and the 2011 census has provided more up to date data about many issues of relevance to sustainability appraisal. The work undertaken so far has been necessarily broad brush and recent detailed work has been predominantly concerned with the amount and distribution of future new dwellings, which is only one aspect of the spatial strategy.

This following provides a summary of:

  • the main stages of the sustainability appraisal process undertaken so far to inform the North East Derbyshire Local Plan Part 1; and
  • the main outcomes of Sustainability Appraisal including recommendations and how the emerging spatial strategy for the Local Plan has responded so far.

Work commenced on SA in April 2007 with the preparation of the Scoping Report providing a ‘baseline’ review of the social, economic and environmental conditions within the District It also identified set of SA objectives against which the effects of policies and proposals can be assessed. This work was updated in 2012 to ensure it remained a rigorous and up to date basis for sustainability appraisal work

In 2009 the Issues and Options SA Report was prepared to provide a sustainability commentary on the Issues identified by the Council in its, ‘Core Strategy Issues and Options Report’. This SA Report provided a high level appraisal of the four Spatial Options put forward for consultation and favoured strategies which concentrated growth in the existing larger settlements i.e. the four main towns, or the four main towns and the six larger villages. However, based on the evidence available at the time the 2009 SA anticipated higher levels of growth in the north.

The Housing Options SA 2012 considered a range of different options for identifying a local housing target derived from a sub-area based assessments of capacity and constraints.

Despite significant levels of uncertainty the assessment was able to broadly identify Housing Options that perform positively or negatively against the SA Objectives. The results generally favoured a capacity led target for the north sub-area, a trend based target for the west (c. 600 dwellings) and for the south (including the west) a target ranging from trend to (relatively) high growth. Whilst this work was superseded by updated national guidance and clarification that housing targets must be based upon objectively assessed need, it still serves to support the current strategy approach.

The Housing Distribution Options SA of 2014 considers a range of Housing Distribution Options (13 in total) produced by the Council to inform the preparation of the Local Plan. In these Options the District was split into four spatial character areas. The SA report contains a table of recommendations reflecting the conclusions reached on the performance in sustainability terms of the Options identified within each sub-area.

Again this high level appraisal involved a degree of uncertainty, but was able to identify better performing options for the north, west and south sub-areas, (although in some cases there was little to differentiate between the options available). It was not possible to identify a best performing option in the East. Overall there is no incompatibility between the 2014 SA and the emerging strategy.

SA work is a continual process and work is underway to assess the policies contained in the Local Plan Part 1: Initial Draft and the alternative housing sites that have passed the phase 1 screening assessment process. The outcome of this stage in the SA will inform the next iteration of the Plan and the selection of preferred housing sites.

Conclusion

The Local Plan Strategy is compatible with, and reflective of, the findings of initial sustainability appraisal work carried out between 2007 and 2014. The Strategy respects the environmental constraints of the north and west of the District, whilst responding to the needs and opportunities of the south and east. However, it is recognised that the SA work to date has been based on high level assessments; further analysis and refinement of the strategy may be necessary to address issues identified through the SA as it focuses on specific policies and sites and the cumulative impacts of these.

Appendix D:

Glossary of Terms

Affordable Housing
Social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing, provided to eligible households whose needs are not met by the market. Eligibility is determined with regard to local incomes and local house prices. Affordable housing should include provisions to remain at an affordable price for future eligible households or for the subsidy to be recycled for alternative affordable housing provision

  • Social Rented Housing is owned by local authorities and private registered providers (as defined in S.80 of the Housing and Regeneration Act 2008), for which guideline target rents are determined through the national rent regime. It may also be owned by other persons and provided under equivalent rental arrangements to the above, as agreed with the local authority or with the Homes and Communities Agency.
  • Affordable Rented Housing is let by local authorities or private registered providers of social housing to households who are eligible for social rented housing. Affordable Rent is subject to rent controls that require a rent of no more than 80% of the local market rent (including service charges where appropriate)
  • Intermediate housing is homes for sale and rent provided at a cost above social rent, but below market levels subject to the criteria in the Affordable Housing definition above. These can include shared equity (shared ownership and equity loans), other low cost homes for sale and intermediate rent, but not affordable rented housing.

Homes that do not meet the above definition of affordable housing, such as “low cost market” housing, may not be considered as affordable housing for planning purposes.

Amenity
A positive element or elements that contribute to the overall character of an area, for example open land, trees, historic buildings and how they relate to each other

Ancient Woodland
An area that has been wooded continuously since 1600AD

Ancillary Use/Operations
A subsidiary or secondary use or operation connected to the main use of a building or piece of land

AMR
Authority Monitoring Report – prepared by the Council to provide an assessment of the progress made against targets and the performance of policies.

Biodiversity Action Plan
A Strategy prepared for a local area aimed at conserving biological diversity

BREEAM
British Research Establishment Environmental Assessment Method)

An environmental assessment method for buildings. It sets a standard for best practice in sustainable design and can be used as a measure to describe a building’s environmental performance

Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL)
A levy allowing local authorities to raise funds from landowners of developers undertaking new development in order to fund necessary improvements to services, systems or facilities needed by the development

Climate Change Mitigation
Action needed to reduce the impact of human activity on the climate system, primarily through reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

Climate Change Adaptation
Adjustments to natural or human systems in response to actual or expected climatic factors or their effects, including from changes in rainfall or rising temperatures, to reduce harm or exploit opportunity.

Coalescence
The merging or coming together of separate towns or villages to form a whole entity

Convenience Shopping
Broadly defined as food shopping, newspapers, magazines and other goods purchased regularly form relatively immediate consumption

Comparison Shopping
Retail items not obtained on a frequent basis (i.e. not classified as convenience shopping), which the purchaser will compare on the basis of price or quality e.g. clothes, electrical goods, furniture etc.

Community facility
Facilities which provide for the health and wellbeing, social, educational, spiritual, recreational, leisure, or cultural needs of the community

Community Right to Build Order
An order drawn up by the local community and made by the local planning authority (under the Localism Act) that grants planning permission for a site-specific development proposal or classes of development

Community Right to Bid
The right (under the Localism Act) for local communities to request that certain assets are listed as being of value to the local community. If an asset is listed and then comes up for sale, the community will then have 6 months to put together a bid to buy it.

Conservation
The process of managing change to a historic asset in a way that sustains and enhances its significance

Conservation Area
An area of special architectural or historic interest, the character, appearance or setting of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance

Decentralised energy
Locally generated renewable and low carbon energy usually, but not always, on a relatively small scale encompassing a diverse range of technologies

Density
A measure (for residential development) of either the number of habitable rooms per hectare or the number of dwellings per hectare

Designated Heritage Asset
A World Heritage Site, Scheduled Ancient Monument, Listed Building, Registered Park & Garden, Registered Battlefield, or Conservation Area designated under relevant legislation

Development Management
The process of managing, shaping and considering the merits of a planning application by a local planning authority, and whether it should be granted planning permission, with regard to the development plan.

Development Plan
In North East Derbyshire this currently includes saved policies from the adopted Local Plan and will include this Local Plan and adopted Neighbourhood Plans, (and is defined in the Planning & Compulsory Purchase Act (S.39)

Development Plan Document (DPD)
For example topic specific documents or site specific allocations of land

D2N2
The Local Enterprise Partnership for Derby, Derbyshire, Nottingham and Nottinghamshire

Employment Land Review (ELR)
A study to review the current employment land supply and look to identify appropriate type, quantity and location of employment land which will be capable of accommodating projected economic growth across the plan period.

Equality Impact Assessment
Seeks to ensure that plans will promote equality and assess any risk of discrimination before policies are introduced or changed. The process checks that reasonable steps are being taken to tackle disadvantage and meet the diverse needs for all communities

Energy Hierarchy
A hierarchy which priorities the conservation and efficient use of energy, and then the generation of energy from renewable and low carbon sources

Environment Impact Assessment
A procedure to be followed for certain types of project to ensure that decision are made in full knowledge of any likely significant effect on the environment

European Site
Includes candidate Special Areas of Conservation, Special Areas of Conservation and Special Protection Areas, defined in the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 (Regulation 8)

Examination
The process by which an independent planning inspector examines a local plan, with any public recommendations, before publishing a report on its soundness.

Geodiversity
The range rocks, minerals fossils, soils and landforms

Green Belt
A designation for land around certain cities, towns and built up areas which aims to keep this land permanently open or largely undeveloped. The purposes of Green Belt are to: check the unrestricted sprawl of large built up areas; prevent neighbouring towns from merging; safeguard the countryside from encroachment, preserve the setting and special character of historic towns; and assist urban regeneration by encouraging the recycling of derelict and other urban land

Greenfield site
Land which has never been built on before or where the remains of any structure or activity have blended into the landscape over time

Housing Market Area (HMA)
The geographical area which reflects the functional relationships of a housing market.

The North Derbyshire HMA covers North East Derbyshire, Chesterfield Borough, Bolsover District and Bassetlaw District.

Infill Development
Building on a relatively small site between existing buildings

Infrastructure Delivery Plan IDP
The IDP identifies what physical, social and green infrastructure is needed, such as new roads schools and open spaces who will deliver this, and when.

Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD)
A ward level index made up six indicators (income; employment; health deprivation and disability; education skills and training; housing; and geographical access to services). The IMD can help to identify areas for regeneration#

Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP)
North East Derbyshire falls within SCR and D2N2.

Local Development Scheme (LDS)
The Local Planning Authority’s programme for preparing the Local Plan.

Listed Building
A building of special architectural or historic interest, graded I (highest quality), to II* or II.

Local Centre
Includes a range of small shops and perhaps limited services of a local nature, serving a small catchment.

Local Plan
Part of the development plan for a local area

LSG
Local Settlement Gaps- North East Derbyshire District Council’s local designation of areas designed to maintain settlement identity.

Town
The largest settlements, identified in the Settlement Role & Function Study

Mixed Use
Provision of a mix of complimentary uses such as residential, community & leisure uses on a site within a particular area

Neighbourhood Development Order (NDO)
An order made by a local planning authority (under the Localism Act 2011) through which parish council’s and neighbourhood forums can grant planning permission for a specific development proposals or classes of development

Neighbourhood Plan
A plan prepared by a Parish or town Council or Neighbourhood Forum for a particular neighbourhood area. Once adopted, the Neighbourhood Plan becomes part of the development plan for the area.

NPPF
National Planning Policy Framework- Planning policy guidance issued by central government replacing Planning Policy Statements and Planning Policy Guidance Notes

Out of Centre
A location which is not in or on the edge of a centre but not necessarily outside the urban area

Out of Town
A location out of centre that is outside the existing urban area

Permitted development
Rights to carry out certain limited forms of development without the need to make an application for planning permission, as granted under the terms of the Town & Country Planning (General Permitted Development) Order

Phasing
The phasing of development into manageable parts, for example and annual rate of housing release for a large development that may need to be controlled so as to avoid destabilising housing markets and causing low demand

PINS
The Planning Inspectorate, responsible for the independent examination of the Local Plan

Previously Developed Land (PDL) (Sometimes referred to as ‘brownfield land’)
Land which is or was occupied by a permanent structure, including the curtilage of the developable land and any associate fixed surface infrastructure. The excludes land that is or has been occupied by agricultural or forestry buildings, land that has been developed for minerals extraction or waste disposal where provision has been made for restoration.

Planning Gain
The benefits or safeguards often for community benefit, secured as part of a planning approval and usually provided at the developer’s expense, for example affordable housing, community facilities or mitigation measures

Planning Obligation
A legally enforceable obligation entered into under Section 106 of the Town & Country Planning Act 1990 to mitigate the impacts of a development proposal

Pollution
Anything which affects the quality of land, air, water, or soils which might lead to an adverse impact on human health, the natural environment, or general amenity.

Primary & Secondary Frontages
Primary frontages are likely to include a high proportion of retail uses which may include food, drinks, clothing and household goods. Secondary frontages provide greater opportunities for a diversity of uses such as restaurants, and businesses.

S.106 Agreements
See Planning Obligations (above)

Sustainability Appraisal (SA)
The process of weighing and assessing all the policies in a development plan for its global national and local implications (see also Strategic Environmental Assessment)

Scheduled Ancient Monument (SAM)
Nationally important monuments that enjoy greater protection against inappropriate development through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

Saved Policies
Policies within existing Local Plans that are saved for a time period during the production of the replacement Local Plan.

SCR
The Local Enterprise Partnership for the Sheffield City Region

Statement of Community Involvement (SCI)
Sets out the standards to be achieved by the local authority in involving the local community in the preparation, alteration, and continuing review of the Local Plan and development management decisions.

Statement of Consultation
A report by the local planning authority explaining how they have complied with the Statement of Community Involvement during consultation on the Local Plan.

Sustainable Community Strategy (SCS)
A strategy which sets the long term vision for economic, social and environmental well-being of a local area in a way that contributes to sustainable development.

Settlement Development Limit (SDL)
A boundary drawn around a settlement which broadly reflects its built form and is used as a policy tool to define the area within or outside which a Local Plan policy will apply.

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA)
A procedure which requires the formal environmental assessment of certain plans and programmes which are likely to have significant effects on the environment including those in the field of planning and land use (set out in the Environmental Assessment of Plans & Programmes Regulations 2004).

Sequential Approach/ Sequential Test
A principle that seeks to identify or allocate certain types or locations of land before the consideration of others, for example town centre retail sites before out-of-centre sites.

Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA)
The SFRA maps all forms of flood risk and forms the evidence base to locate new development primarily in low flood risk areas (Zone 1). Areas of ‘low (zone 1) ‘medium’ (level 2), and ‘high’ (level 3) risk are mapped using data collected from many sources including the Environment Agency and water utility companies.

Strategic Housing Market Assessment (SHMA)
An assessment of the level of future housing provision and the mix of housing required, prepared across the Housing Market Area.

Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment (SHLAA)
A process of identifying sites with potential for housing, identifying any issues affecting the development of sites, such as access, and estimating when they are likely to come forward.

Social Infrastructure
The range of facilities supporting the development and maintenance of local communities.

Special Areas of Conservation (SAC)
Areas given special protection under the European Habitats Directive, which is transposed into UK law by the Habitats and Conservation of Species Regulations 2010.

Special Protection Area (SPA)
Areas which have been identified as being of international importance for the breeding, feeding, wintering, or the migration of rate and vulnerable species of birds found within EU countries. SPA’s are European designated site, classified under the Birds Directive.

Supplementary Planning Document (SPD)
A document which adds further detail to the policies in the Local Plan. SPDs can be used to provide further guidance for development on specific sites, or on particular issues. SPDs are capable of being a material consideration in planning decisions, but are not part of the development plan.

Site of Special Scientific Interest (SSSI)
A site identified under the Wildlife & Countryside Act 1981.

Strategic Site
A site allocated in a Local Plan which is central to the achievement of the Plan strategy.

Submission Document
A Local Plan submitted to the Secretary of State for independent examination before a government appointed Planning Inspector.

Sustainable Development
There are three dimensions to sustainable development: economic, social and environmental. The planning system needs to reflect each role:

  • Economic role: contributing to building s strong, responsive and competitive economy, by ensuring that sufficient land of the right type is available in the right places and at the right time to support growth and innovation, and by identifying and coordinating development requirements including the provision of infrastructure.
  • A social role: supporting strong , vibrant and healthy communities, by providing the supply of housing required to meet the needs of present and future generations, and by creating a high quality built environment with accessible local services that reflect the community’s needs and support its health a, social and cultural well being
  • An environmental role – contributing to protecting and enhancing our natural built and historic environment, and as part of this, helping to improve biodiversity , use natural resources prudently, minimise waste and pollution, and mitigate and adapt to climate change, including moving to a low carbon economy

Town Centre
An area defined on the Local Plan Policies Map, including the primary shopping area and areas predominantly occupied by main town centre uses within or adjacent to the primary shopping area.

Transport Assessment
A comprehensive and systematic process that sets out transport issues relating to a proposed development. It identifies what measure will be required to improve accessibility and safety for all modes of travel, particularly for alternatives to the car, such as walking, cycling and public transport and what measures will need to be taken to deal with the anticipated transport impacts of the development.

Travel Plan
A plan which aims to promote sustainable travel choices as an alternative to single occupancy car journeys that may impact negatively on the environment, congestion or road safety. Travel Plans can be required when granting planning permission for new development.

Viability
In financial terms, a viable development could proceed if there were no financial reason for it not to, in relation to development costs and returns.

In terms of retailing, a centre that is capable of success or continuing effectiveness

Vitality
In terms of retailing, the capacity of a centre to grow or develop

Windfall Site
A site not specially allocated for development in a development plan but which unexpectedly becomes available for development during the lifetime of the plan.

Wildlife corridor
Area of habitat connecting wildlife populations

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