Part 1 - Initial Draft (February 2015)

Ended on the 26th March 2015
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(1) 6. LIVING COMMUNITIES

(2) Housing Delivery

(1) Housing Allocations

6.1 Allocating a site in the Local Plan establishes the principle that the development of the site for housing is acceptable. Site allocations help to provide certainty both to developers and local people to help understand what may happen in their neighbourhood in the future. They also help the Council and infrastructure providers to look at the cumulative impact of development and plan for future needs, such as school places, transport improvements and water capacity.

6.2 The Local Plan must provide for a sufficient quantity, quality, and type of housing in the right locations, taking account of need and demand. The Spatial Strategy (Policy LP2) sets out a minimum target of housing to be provided across the District over the Plan period, and a locational distribution for new homes to meet identified need. Sites to deliver the first 5 years worth of housing supply will be allocated in the Local Plan Part 1. Developable sites for years 6-10, and years 11-15, will be identified in the Local Plan Part 2 (Sites & Boundaries).

(3) Site Selection

6.3 The Strategic Housing Land Availability Assessment (SHLAA) is the primary source of potential housing sites to be considered for allocation. Sites in the SHLAA have been derived from a number of sources, including:

  • Sites submitted by landowners and developers
  • Surplus employment sites identified in the Employment Land Review
  • Previously unimplemented housing allocations
  • Sites proposed by communities, Parish & Town Councils and members of the public
  • Other sites known or owned by the Council

6.4 In May 2014, the Council undertook a ‘call for sites’, providing an opportunity for potential landowners and developers to submit proposals for new development, specifically for sites which could be delivered within the first five years of the Plan, post-adoption. Sites submitted in response to this were added to those already put forward through the SHLAA.

6.5 The site selection process will involve two distinct phases:

Process Stage Reached:
Phase 1 Screening: (against identified constraints) Completed
Availability (deliverability within first five years following adoption of Local Plan Part 1) Completed
Phase 2 Suitability (against a detailed set of criteria) To be carried out at next stage of Plan preparation

6.6 In parallel with the planning appraisal of sites, the candidate sites have also been subject to Sustainability Appraisal. The results of this appraisal are published separately.

6.7 The Council is now consulting on all sites which have completed Phase 1 of the process. This is not a list of preferred sites for allocation in the Local Plan. It is a range of potential sites to meet specified levels of development anticipated for each settlement. This is an opportunity for communities and other stakeholders to contribute to the consideration of potential sites prior to the Council selecting preferred sites.

6.8 Once sites have been through Phase 2 there will be a further stage of consultation on the list of proposed allocations .Site allocations which are made in the Local Plan Part 1 will contribute to the demonstration of at least a five year supply of housing land on adoption of the Plan. Remaining site allocations will be identified in the Local Plan Part 2.

6.9 The Plan will allocate only those housing sites which are capable of accommodating 5 or more dwellings5. This threshold provides a good range of sites to be considered. Smaller sites can be allocated by Neighbourhood Plans, providing proposals conform with the relevant policies of the Local Plan.

(3) Calculation of housing supply and existing housing commitments

6.10 Every Local authority is expected to demonstrate that they have a rolling five year supply of deliverable sites with an additional 5% or 20% depending on past delivery, in order to provide a realistic prospect of achieving the planned supply and to ensure choice and competition in the market for land. In view of this Council’s record on past housing delivery, an additional 20% of supply has been built into the housing supply calculations, in order to comply with national policy. The annual delivery requirement for the first five years after adoption of the Local Plan Part 1, including the additional 20% and addressing the existing shortfall, is 410 dwellings per annum. The annual delivery requirement for the remaining years from 2022 is 267 dwellings per annum. Appendix B includes the five year housing land supply calculation.

Table 4: Annual Housing Requirement

Annual Requirement
2014 - 2022 410
2022 - 2031 267

6.11 The supply of housing land within the District includes sites which are either under construction or have unimplemented planning permissions. These have been taken into account when developing the housing distribution and will be taken into account in the selection of sites to allocate for housing. As at (31st March 2014) unimplemented planning permissions amounted to 2825 dwellings. Therefore, across the Local Plan period, the Plan will need to allocate sufficient sites to deliver in excess of 4,000 houses beyond the current level of commitments, with the final total accounting for completions, but also a proportion of commitments that are likely to be undelivered.

6.12 Planning permission will be renewed for housing on these currently unimplemented sites, providing that the proposals accord with the relevant policies of this Plan and there have been no material changes to justify refusal of permission. Where permission for housing development is renewed, the new schemes may need to be amended to reflect the requirements of the policies of this Plan. Where appropriate, conditions will be imposed accordingly.

6.13 Although historically windfalls have made a positive contribution to housing delivery in the District, an allowance has not been factored into the calculation of housing supply, in order to provide more flexibility and with the aim of boosting the supply of housing. The Council does, however, recognise that the supply from windfalls can vary across the District, and therefore will monitor windfall permissions particularly in the sub areas that are highly constrained, and if necessary review the Local Plan accordingly.

(2) Housing need, range and choice

6.14 National Planning Policy encourages the creation of sustainable, inclusive and mixed communities. This requires different types and tenures of housing to support the range of households expected to arise in the future; of different sizes, ages and incomes. The Local Plan evidence identifies a range of household need, and affordable and market housing provision.

6.15 It is the intention of the Council to ensure a reasonable mix of house types and sizes to meet the housing requirements of the whole community. Information from the SHMA and the Housing Needs, Market and Affordability Study provides a picture of the level of need for specialised housing. The Council will seek to negotiate the provision of special needs housing on suitable sites to meet an identified need. This will encompass housing for older people, accessible housing and Homes for Life standards. In addition opportunities for self-build, custom build, and different market solutions will be encouraged.

(3) Affordable Housing

6.16 Many households in North East Derbyshire who lack their own housing or live in unsuitable housing cannot afford to buy or rent housing at market rates. These households require affordable housing. Delivering significant amounts of affordable housing to reflect identified need is a key objective of the Local Plan (D10).

6.17 The Plan sets out thresholds and requirements for affordable housing and their application in different sub-areas, using SHMA evidence, and the approach to viability, off-site provision and requirements for evidence. The SHMA recommends that the housing needs evidence should be brought together with evidence regarding residential development viability and considered alongside other policies in plans which influence viability.

6.18 Affordable housing includes social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing (both for rent and sale), provided to eligible households whose needs are not met by the open market. Eligibility is determined with regard to local incomes and local house prices. Low cost market housing does not fall within the definition of affordable housing.

6.19 Affordable housing is generally delivered through three main mechanisms:

  • Homes and Communities Agency programmes and delivered by Registered Providers
  • Direct funding by Registered Providers or the Council
  • Approval of planning applications, negotiated through Section 106 Agreements

6.20 A Strategic Housing Market Assessment (SHMA) was undertaken in 2013 for all four authorities in the Housing Market Area. It estimated what type and amount of housing is required in the District, including the need for affordable housing. Its findings supported the results of the earlier Housing Needs, Market and Affordability Study (HNMA) in 2011 for North East Derbyshire alone in identifying a high need for affordable housing in the District. The SHMA estimated that in North East Derbyshire 560 affordable housing units per year would be needed over the next 5 years (482 per year to 2031) to fully meet all affordable housing need.

6.21 Given the funding context for affordable housing and the viability of residential development in parts of the HMA, the SHMA concluded that the scale of need identified is significantly in excess of the levels that it is possible to achieve within the confines of available government grant, or through cross subsidy from private housing development. Realistic requirements for affordable housing, that can be expected to be delivered as part of housing schemes, have therefore been defined by examining levels which could be supported without undermining the viability of housing development across the District, reflecting levels of past delivery. Whilst these levels are ambitious, they will be subject to negotiation and viability considerations, providing an element of flexibility and certainty for developers, in line with national policy.

6.22 The Housing Needs, Market and Affordability Study (2011) included an economic viability assessment which recommended that 30% affordable housing could be delivered across the District, and up to 40% in the West Sub-Area. It recognised that sites can be affected by abnormal costs that could affect any final individual figure. In view of the current market conditions the percentages established in the 2011 HNMA study are considered to be sustainable for the Local Plan. As market viability may vary both up and down, in order to maintain a suitable level of affordable housing provision, regular reviews of the percentages required for outstanding dwellings granted planning permission will be undertaken.

Viability, Local Circumstances and Off-Site Provision of Affordable Housing

6.23 In applying affordable housing requirements, the Council will allow consideration of the development costs of the proposed development and the impact of this on the viability of any proposed scheme. In circumstances where the viability of the scheme is in question, the applicant will need to demonstrate, through an ‘open book’ procedure, that the required percentage of affordable housing would not be achievable. Should the Council be satisfied, a lower percentage of affordable housing will be negotiated.

6.24 Affordable housing should be provided on site in most cases, but in some instances, it may not be possible or appropriate to do so. Examples could include where the provision of a very small number of affordable units may be difficult for a Registered Provider to manage, where off-site contributions could deliver more affordable housing than if provision was made on-site, or where the site was in an area where there was already an oversupply of affordable homes. The current tenure mix of housing in each settlement (from the 2011 Census) is set out in the Settlement Role and Function Study 2013 Update. Those settlements that have been identified as particularly lacking affordable housing or conversely have an oversupply of affordable homes are identified as specific issues (in the Settlement Hierarchy Background Paper). Policy LP24 on Large Settlements includes requirements to include significant elements of specific types/tenures of housing in identified settlements with a housing imbalance.

6.25 Owing to the variability of development values and costs, the percentage of affordable housing required on development sites will apply to those dwellings expected to be commenced within five years, in line with an agreement between the developer and Council to ensure delivery of that level of affordable housing. Subsequently an up-to-date assessment of needs and market conditions will be applied to all outstanding dwellings according to a review of need and development viability undertaken by the Council at no more than three year intervals. Alternatively applicants may pay for and jointly commission with the Council an independent site specific viability assessment by a consultant whose findings will be accepted by both parties. Should housing be delivered more quickly than expected then the re-assessment may be brought forward, otherwise the initial percentage will be applied.

6.26 The Government confirmed in December 2014 that national policy will include a minimum threshold of 10 units which have a maximum combined floor space of 1,000 square metres, below which affordable housing contributions should not be sought. (A lower threshold may be set in national parks and Areas of Outstanding Natural Beauty). These changes to national policy do not apply to rural exception sites.

(10) POLICY LP12: Housing need, range and choice

Addressing Housing Need

To contribute towards meeting the needs of North East Derbyshire’s existing and future residents, all new housing proposals above the qualifying threshold will be required to provide a percentage of affordable housing which is accessible, affordable, and meets the needs of those unable to access the open housing market.

Provision shall be made for an element of affordable housing on all housing sites above the specified threshold size in accordance with the table below.

Provision of Affordable Housing and Thresholds to Apply

Part of District Dwelling threshold (area) Percentage required
North & West Sub-Areas: 10 40%
South & East Sub-Areas: 10 30%

* These values will also apply where planning applications on land where permission is granted contrary to policy or Local Plan allocation (e.g. following an appeal).

An agreed mix of affordable house tenures will be determined through local evidence of housing need at the time of granting planning permission. The affordable housing shall be provided in a tenure neutral way, in small groups or clusters distributed through the site and in accordance with Building for Life principles (see Policy xx).

The provision of affordable housing may be varied where:

  1. It can be demonstrated that the level of affordable housing sought would make a development unviable in light of changing market conditions, individual site circumstances and development costs. In circumstances where the viability of the scheme is in question, the applicant will need to demonstrate, through an ‘open book’ procedure, that the required percentage of affordable housing would not be achievable. Should the Council be satisfied with the level of viability, a lower provision may be negotiated; or
  2. The off-site provision of affordable dwellings can be demonstrated to have benefits such as the provision of additional affordable dwellings, or the improvement or a better use of existing housing stock and would contribute to the creation of mixed and balanced communities, particularly in those settlements identified in Policy LP24: Large Settlements; or
  3. It can be demonstrated that it is not possible or appropriate to build affordable homes on-site or off-site, in which case the development will provide a financial contribution towards the future provision of affordable housing of ‘broadly equivalent value’ to that which would have been provided on-site.

Key Evidence Base

  • National Planning Policy Framework
  • Strategic Housing Market Area Assessment (SHMA)
  • Housing Needs, Market and Affordability Study (HNMA) (2011)
  • Development Management monitoring system

You told us that...

The Plan should include a policy regarding affordable housing, to contribute towards meeting the needs of the District’s residents. The viability of affordable housing delivery should be considered.

Alternative Options considered but not selected...

None.

The NPPF tells us that...

The LPA must plan for a mix of housing based on current and future demographic trends, market trends and the needs of different groups in the community, It must identify the size, type, tenure and range of housing required in particular locations reflecting local demand. Where a need for affordable housing is identified it must set policies for meeting this need on site unless off site provision or a financial contribution of broadly equivalent value can be robustly justified. Housing needs should be defined in a Strategic Housing Market Assessment (para 50).

Policy implements Local Plan Objective: D10

How will the policy be monitored?

Indicator:

  • Percentage of approved and completed housing units that meet the specific needs of older people by tenure type.
  • Percentage of affordable units delivered on and off site per eligible scheme and sub- area
  • Affordable housing units approved and completed by sub-area and tenure type
  • Loss of affordable housing by affordable units by sub-area and tenure type

Target: Affordable housing targets in policy

(1) Exception Sites for Affordable Housing

6.27 Exception sites, where planning permission may be granted for local needs housing on sites where residential development would not normally be allowed, are an established tool to provide affordable housing, often in smaller settlements. The sites can help to maintain the viability and sustainability of rural communities. However, the availability of public funding for affordable housing has been reduced significantly in recent years. This has led to viability issues for registered providers.

6.28 Housing on rural exception sites must meet a genuine identified local need in areas where no other appropriate sites are available within the defined boundaries of the settlement. This need will have to be confirmed by a survey carried out by the developer, in conjunction with the Council’s Housing service, prior to the submission of a planning application. Housing provided on exception sites must remain available for affordable local need in perpetuity. Planning Conditions and/or Section 106 agreements will be required to ensure this. As well as meeting local needs, exception housing should reflect demand for particular sizes, types and tenure of houses, and be affordable in perpetuity. The justification for housing development on such sites can only be made on the basis of pressing local need for affordable housing which cannot be met in other ways.

6.29 Evidence, particularly the Housing Needs, Market, and Affordability Study (HNMAS), identifies significant need for affordable housing throughout the District, but especially in the North. The Housing needs study also acknowledged the impact of the Green Belt in constraining affordable housing development within the north and west of the District.

6.30 An essential part of developing the evidence base for the new Local Plan has been in assessing the capacity of the District to accommodate new development, and the extent of constraints. The Council has undertaken work to identify the detailed capacity of the settlements in the north of the District for new housing. The Northern Settlements Housing Capacity Study 2012 found that the area only has capacity for 50 dwellings per year on land outside of the Green Belt.

6.31 The NPPF is clear that construction of new buildings in the Green Belt should be regarded as inappropriate. However, it also sets out a number of exceptions including “limited affordable housing for local community needs under policies set out in the Local Plan.” (para 89). The Council has therefore sought to assess whether some development needs of local communities, primarily for affordable housing, could be accommodated on sites currently covered by the Green Belt, where this could take place without undermining the overall role and purpose of the Green Belt across the District.

6.32 The Council remains of the view that the high level of local need for affordable homes and the limited supply of unconstrained land (particularly in the north of the District) could constitute exceptional circumstances sufficient to outweigh the Green Belt designation, in accordance with the NPPF. However, this could only take place on the basis that any development coming forward would be limited in scale and would deliver affordable housing, secured to meet local needs, with 100% being the starting point for negotiation, and where any market element remains subsidiary to the primary affordable housing provision.

6.33 Therefore in order to bring about the delivery of affordable housing, in some limited circumstances it may be appropriate to allow a small element of market housing in order to cross subsidise the provision of affordable housing where this meets a local housing need. Whilst this policy seeks to provide 100% affordable exception sites, it also allows for a subsidiary element of market housing in circumstances where it can be satisfactorily proven that this would facilitate the delivery of an identified local affordable housing need through a registered provider. Proposals for an element of market housing must be supported by a viability assessment which will be reviewed by the District Valuer to ensure that the proportion of market housing provided is no greater than that required to deliver the agreed amount of affordable housing without the need for public subsidy. The market units must at all times be subsidiary to the affordable housing element.

6.34 A study of the North East Derbyshire Green Belt6 has appraised a range of areas in the Green Belt in the north and west of the District and has identified those sites which are relatively less sensitive to development. The study assessed the functionality of 37 areas which were identified in the 2012 Strategy report and assessed their sensitivity against the purposes of Green Belts set out in the NPPF. Any development proposals which come forward would be expected to take account of the particular issues that are raised in each area and demonstrate how any specific constraints and issues of sensitivity could be addressed satisfactorily.

6.35 The community connection clause in the Council’s Allocations policy will be used in relation to defining local need for the purposes of assessing planning applications and submitted schemes in rural areas.

(12) Policy LP13: Exception Sites for Affordable Housing

Development proposals for affordable housing which would be contrary to Policy LP10 (Development in the Countryside), and for limited affordable housing within the Green Belt in the North and West Sub-Areas will be permitted where:

  1. They would provide affordable housing which would meet a genuine local need which is supported by an up to date housing needs survey that would not be met by a market housing proposal; and
  2. They are of a size, type, tenure, occupancy and cost suitable to meet identified local needs; and
  3. They are directly adjacent to the built up part of settlements; and are modest in scale, in keeping with the form and character of the settlement, and local landscape setting; and
  4. It can be demonstrated that the properties will be allocated to those who are in local housing need, and will remain affordable in perpetuity; and
  5. Proposals in the Green Belt do not have an unacceptable impact on the openness of the Green Belt.

A small, subsidiary element of market housing may be permitted on such sites within the Green Belt in the North and West Sub-Areas only, where it can be demonstrated that:

  1. The market housing element is limited in proportion to that which is essential to enable the delivery of a viable affordable housing scheme to meet local needs, as demonstrated through a viability assessment; and
  2. Proposals are of a size, type, tenure, occupancy and cost suitable to meet identified local needs and (where applicable) be designed to ensure the integration of affordable and market housing such that they differ only in terms of tenure, i.e. not design, type or size.

Key Evidence Base

You told us that...

The Plan should address the need for affordable housing. Some local residents acknowledge the issue of providing affordable housing within an area constrained by the Green Belt, and support the use of the Green Belt for affordable housing as a last resort. A large number of local residents do however not support any development in the Green Belt.

Alternative Options considered but not selected...

Omitting a policy which would allow exceptions housing would not allow local housing need to be addressed

The NPPF tells us that...

In rural areas, exercising the duty to cooperate with neighbouring authorities,local planning authorities should be responsive to local circumstances and plan housing development to reflect local needs, particularly for affordable housing, including through rural exception sites where appropriate. Local planning authorities should in particular consider whether allowing some market housing would facilitate the provision of significant additional affordable housing to meet local needs.” (NPPF para 54).

The construction of new buildings in the Green Belt should be regarded as inappropriate. However, it also sets out a number of exceptions including “limited affordable housing for local community needs under policies set out in the Local Plan.” (NPPF para 89).

Policy implements Local Plan Objectives: D10, N2

How will the policy be monitored?

Indicator: Number of housing units approved on Exception Sites, by Sub-Area

Target: No Target

Note: While not contributing to planned provision, once constructed such housing will be included in the Annual Monitoring Report under past completions.

(1) Type and Mix of Housing

6.36 There is a need for a mix of homes of different types and tenures to meet the requirements of a range of household sizes, ages, and incomes across the District. There may also be an over or under supply of a particular house type in an area. The SHMA (2013) identifies the need and demand for, and the supply of, specific types of housing in North East Derbyshire. The difference between supply and demand indicates any imbalance in the housing stock by housing type and size.

6.37 The Housing Needs, Market and Affordability Study (2013) recommended an Affordable Housing size mix (SHMA 2013) as follows:

40-45% 1 bed
35-40% 2 bed
10-15% 3 bed
5-10% 4+ beds
However, this should be geared to local needs and existing stock.

It also recommended an Affordable Housing tenure mix (SHMA 2013) of:

5% Intermediate (including shared ownership)
35% Affordable Rent
60% Social Rent

6.38 Wherever possible, new development should seek to address imbalances. However on some sites, it will not be appropriate to be prescriptive on the housing composition for a single scheme, particularly on smaller sites where it may be impractical, or where there are specific physical site constraints that may limit the range of housing that it possible, or where there may be market demand or viability issues. Such issues will always be considered and explored in negotiation with developers using the latest information from housing need studies as a basis.

(1) Housing for Older People and People with Disabilities

6.39 The District has an ageing population, with large increases predicted in the population of over 65 years and particularly those over 85 years to 2030. This will have implications for suitable housing provision now and in the future in terms of specialist housing both in the affordable and market housing sectors. The SHMA 2013 (para 1.29) recommends that Councils include specific policies in their plans supporting the provision of specialist accommodation to meet older people’s needs. Policy recommendation R20 of the SHMA states that councils should consider the inclusion of specific policies within their local plans requiring provision of homes for those with disabilities on major development sites where there is an identified local need.

6.40 Disability, either temporary or permanent, can affect everyone at some stage of their lives. The Council will seek to ensure that the housing needs of older people and people with disabilities are met, across tenure, and that these groups are not restricted in their choice of housing. It will encourage developers and other agencies to provide dwellings which will enable more people to remain in their homes, if they become disabled or infirm, and live as independently as possible in the community. New housing can easily be designed from the outset to be suitable for adaptation to meet the needs of these groups of people.

6.41 Evidence (particularly through the SHMA) shows that there is a particular shortage of market housing and intermediate housing which is suitable for older people. This shows that a far greater amount of housing of various types will be needed to meet older people’s needs and rising aspirations in the future. This includes bungalows, accessible apartments, lifetime homes housing, supported retirement housing with resident or visiting wardens, and housing with high levels of care provision. All new housing provided for older people must meet high standards of accessibility and amenity relevant to their needs. The Council will also be sympathetic to households needing to extend or adapt their existing homes in order to care for older relatives, where any related impacts are acceptable. The Council actively encourages proposals which meet The Lifetime Homes Standard7, a series of sixteen design criteria intended to make homes more easily adaptable for lifetime use, at minimal cost. Access to high speed broadband will allow access to emerging online healthcare initiatives.

6.42 The current social housing stock needs to be progressively updated by the provision of new social housing for older people which meets modern standards. This will enable older people to choose to downsize to release existing social housing for households of working age.

The Local Plan will, through the identification of sites in the Local Plan Part 2?xx, allowing for windfall developments, and/or granting of planning consents in sustainable locations, provide for the development of retirement accommodation, residential care homes, Extra Care and assisted care housing.

Self Build

6.43 The Council is keen to encourage self build development within the District, and is committed, along with the Government to overcoming a range of practical problems which are faced by people who wish to build their own homes.

6.44 The Council will monitor housing completions, to support the delivery of an appropriate type and mix of housing by sub-area across the District.

(4) POLICY LP14: Type and Mix of Housing

Development proposals for new housing should seek to ensure an appropriate mix of dwelling types, and sizes, taking account of existing imbalances in the housing stock, site characteristics, and viability and market considerations.

The Council will support the provision of housing for older people and specialist housing provision, across all tenures, including level access flats, houses, bungalows, and sheltered housing or extra care schemes, in appropriate locations, close to services and facilities. The Council will also support the provision of specialist housing, including nursing homes and residential facilities, in appropriate locations and where there is an identified need and where proposals accord with other policies of the Plan.

In order to ensure that older people are able to secure and sustain their independence in a home appropriate to their circumstances, the Council actively encourages developers to build new homes to a standards such as Lifetime Homes’ so that they can be readily adapted to meet the needs of those with disabilities and older people as well as assisting independent living at home.

Key Evidence Base

  • National Planning Policy Framework
  • SHMA
  • North East Derbyshire Housing and Economic Development Strategy

You told us that...

The Plan should provide for a mixed choice of high quality homes, which reflect the character of the local area. The Plan should address the needs of an ageing population.

Alternative Options considered but not selected...

None

The NPPF tells us that...

LPAs should deliver a wide choice of high quality homes, widen opportunities for home ownership and create sustainable, inclusive and mixed communities. To do this, LPAs should plan for a mix of housing based on current and future demographic trends, market trends, and the needs of different groups in the community (such as, but not limited to, families with children, older people, people with disabilities, service families and people wishing to build their own homes). They should also identify the size, type, tenure and range of housing that is required in particular locations, reflecting local demand (para 50). The NPPF promotes sustainable forms and patterns of development in appropriate locations and respect the site characteristics. It also promotes efficient use of land. It states that to boost significantly the supply of housing, LPAs should set out their own approach to housing density to reflect local circumstances. (para 47).

Policy implements Local Plan Objectives: D1, D2

How will the policy be monitored?

Indicator: Housing units approved and completed by dwelling type and size, per Sub-Area

Target: No Target

Gypsies & Travellers

6.45 National Policy requires Local Plans to address the accommodation needs for Gypsies and Travellers by setting pitch targets, and by setting plot targets for travelling showpeople. This should be undertaken collaboratively with neighbouring authorities. The Plan must identify a five year supply of deliverable sites and a five to ten year supply of developable sites, in locations which are sympathetic to the scale of nearby settlements and protect local amenity. The five year supply will be allocated in the Local Plan Part 1, with the remaining requirement to be allocated in Part 2.

6.46 The accommodation needs of Gypsies, Travellers, and Travelling Showpeople have recently been assessed8, in consultation with travellers, their representative bodies, other local authorities, and relevant interest groups. The estimated need for North East Derbyshire is 15 additional pitches will be required between 2014-2034; of these, 6 will be needed between 2014-2019, with 3 for each five-year period to 2034.

(1) Allocations for Traveller Accommodation

6.47 To date, no site proposals for gypsies and travellers have come forward which could allow the council to assess and propose options for site allocations. Site allocations will need to be identified and consulted upon at the next stage of the Local Plan process, prior to the Plan’s submission.

6.48 Sites will only be allocated and permission granted for new sites after careful consideration of their future management and extensive consultation with the travelling and settled community.

(4) POLICY LP15: Provision for Traveller Sites

Sites to meet the accommodation needs gypsies, travellers, or travelling show people will be allocated , or granted planning permission, where there is shown to be a need identified through robust and independent assessments; and where the proposed development:

  1. Would result in an acceptable living environment for its residents; and
  2. Would not have an unacceptable impact on the amenities of adjoining residents ; and
  3. Be sympathetic to the scale of adjoining settlements and large enough to provide for adequate on-site facilities, including parking, storage, residential amenity, and, where appropriate, business use; and
  4. Is not located in the Green Belt, or in a Local Settlement Gap, and is in accordance with other policies in the Plan, in particular those relating to flood risk, landscape and biodiversity; and
  5. Is accessible to local services and facilities (including schools, healthcare, and other local facilities, including public transport; and
  6. Has safe highway access and adequate provision for parking and servicing; and
  7. Would not detract from the character of the area or from the amenity of adjoining or nearby land; and
  8. Is designed to be sufficiently enclosed, including use of appropriate boundary treatments, so as to prevent encroachment on adjoining land; and
  9. Is appropriate to the scale of the nearest settlement, its local services and infrastructure; and
  10. Would not cause unacceptable nuisance to existing neighbours by virtue of noise and other disturbance caused by on-site activity or the movement of vehicles ; and
  11. For Travelling Showpeople, will allow for mixed use yards to provide space for the storage of equipment

Key Evidence Base

  • National Planning Policy Framework

You told us that...

Provision for Traveller Sites should be made in appropriate areas which do not have a negative impact on existing residents and their communities. Preferably this should be adjacent to existing traveller sites.

Alternative Options considered but not selected...

None. Policy conforms with national policy and guidance

The NPPF tells us that...

National Policy requires LPAs to set pitch targets for Gypsies and Travellers and plot targets for travelling showpeople which address the likely permanent and transit site accommodation needs, working collaboratively with neighbouring authorities. A five year supply of deliverable sites and a five to ten year supply of developable sites should be identified in locations which are sympathetic to the scale of nearby settlements and protect local amenity (Planning Policy for Traveller Sites. (CLG, 2011, paras 8&9)

Policy implements Local Plan Objective: D2

How will the policy be monitored?

Indicator: Net additional Traveller pitches and plots approved and completed

Target: To meet identified need


5 Planning Policy Guidance states that assessments of housing land availability should consider all sites and broad locations capable of delivering five or more dwellings. 6 North East Derbyshire Strategic Green Belt Functionality Study (2014) 7 www.lifetimehomes.org.uk/ 8 Gypsies & Travellers Accommodation Assessment 2014
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