North East Derbyshire Publication Draft Local Plan (Reg 19)

Ended on the 4th April 2018
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(1) GLOSSARY

A61 Corridor – A D2N2 Growth Deal project which sets out infrastructure funding priorities to support economic growth, provide infrastructure improvements, reduce commuter journey times, provide sustainable transport routes and provide opportunities for major housing and employment growth.

Accessibility – The ability of people to move around an area and reach places and facilities, e.g. elderly and disabled people.

Adoption – The final confirmation of a development plan or Local Development Document status by a local planning authority (LPA).

Affordable Housing – Social rented, affordable rented and intermediate housing, provided to eligible households whose needs are not met by the market. The Housing White Paper, February 2017, suggests a change in definition, which includes Affordable Homes Ownership, such as Starter Homes.

Ageing Population – A change in the age structure within an area, where the average age rises and a growing number of people live beyond the standard working age.

Air Quality Management Area (AQMA) – Areas designated by local authorities which are not likely to achieve national air quality objectives, with a need to devise an action plan (AQAP) to improve the quality of air.

Amenity - A positive element or elements that contribute to the overall character of an area, for example open land, trees, historic buildings and how they relate to each other.

Ancient Woodland – Woodlands where there has been continuous woodland cover since at least 1600AD. Ancient woodland is likely to be home to more threatened species than any other habitat in the UK.

Ancillary Use / Operations - A subsidiary or secondary use or operation closely associated with the main use of a building or piece of land.

Areas of Multiple Environmental Sensitivity (AMES) – Areas where two or more significant factors (such as historic, ecological or visual importance) affect the land/sites within it (as defined by Derbyshire County Council).

Authority Monitoring Report (AMR) – Provides an assessment of the progress made against targets and the performance of policies.

Best and Most Versatile Agricultural Land – Land in grades 1, 2 and 3a of the Agricultural Land Classification.

Biodiversity – The whole variety of life encompassing all genetics. Species and ecosystem variations, including plants and animals.

Biodiversity Action Plan (BAP) - A Strategy prepared for a local area aimed at conserving biological diversity.

Blue Infrastructure – Infrastructure which relates to water both natural and man-made. Includes rivers, streams, ponds and lakes.

Change of Use – A change in the way that land or buildings are used (see Use Classes). Planning permission is usually necessary in order to change from one 'use class' to another.

Climate Change – Long-term changes in temperature, precipitation, wind and all other aspects of the Earth's climate. Often as a result of human activity and fossil fuel consumption.

Coal Authority Risk Assessment – Required if submitting a planning application in a Coal Authority Development High Risk Area. The assessment identifies site specific coal mining risks and sets out the proposed mitigation strategy.

Coalescence – the merging or coming together of separate towns or villages to form a whole entity.

Community Facility - Facilities which provide for the health and wellbeing, social, educational, spiritual, recreational, leisure, or cultural needs of the community.

Community Infrastructure Levy (CIL) - A levy allowing local authorities to raise funds from landowners of developers undertaking new development in order to fund improvements to services, systems or facilities needed by the development.

Community Right to Bid - The right (under the Localism Act) for local communities to request that certain assets are listed as being of value to the local community. If an asset is listed and then comes up for sale, the community will then have 6 months to put together a bid to buy it.

Community Right to Build Order - An order drawn up by the local community and made by the local planning authority (under the Localism Act) that grants planning permission for a site-specific development proposal or classes of development.

Comparison Goods – Retail items not bought on a frequent basis, for example durable goods such as clothing, household goods, furniture, DIY and electrical goods.

Conservation - The process of managing change to a historic asset in a way that sustains and enhances its significance.

Conservation Area - An area of special architectural or historic interest, the character, appearance or setting of which it is desirable to preserve or enhance.

Contaminated Land – Land that has been polluted or harmed in some way making it unfit for safe development unless cleaned, or the harmful effects reduced to an acceptable level.

Conurbation – A large densely populated urban sprawl formed by the growth and coalescence of individual towns or villages.

Convenience Goods – Everyday goods, such as milk, newspaper, food. Shops which gold these goods are usually close to people's homes so people can make many visits during the week.

Curtilage – The area normally within the boundaries of a property surrounding the main building and used in connection with it.

Custom Build Homes – A form of self-build homes which are facilitated in some way by a developer. It gives a more 'hands off' approach than traditional self-build.

D2N2 – The Local Enterprise Partnership for Derby, Derbyshire, Nottingham and Nottinghamshire.

Decentralised energy - Locally generated renewable and low carbon energy usually, but not always, on a relatively small scale encompassing a diverse range of technologies.

Decontamination – The removal of hazardous substances (chemicals, radioactive materials) from a site to make it safe for future development use.

Density - A measure (for residential development) of either the number of habitable rooms per hectare or the number of dwellings per hectare.

Deprived/deprivation – The damaging lack of material benefits considered to be basic necessities in society.

Derbyshire Wildlife Trust – Organisation which aims to raise awareness of potential threats to wildlife in Derbyshire and encourage individuals and organisations to take responsibility for caring for their local environment.

Designated Heritage Asset - A World Heritage Site, Scheduled Ancient Monument, Listed Building, Registered Park & Garden, Registered Battlefield, or Conservation Area designated under relevant legislation.

Development Plan - In North East Derbyshire this includes saved policies from the adopted Local Plan and will include this Local Plan and adopted Neighbourhood Plans.

Digital Derbyshire – A partnership with BT to lay hundreds of miles of fibre optic cable bringing faster broadband to parts of Derbyshire.

Duty to Cooperate – A legal test which requires cooperation between local planning authorities and other public bodies in relation to Local Plans. It is separate from but related to the Local Plan test of soundness.

Ecological Network – These link sites of biodiversity importance or existing and future habitats.

Economic Development – Development, including those within the B Use Classes, public and community uses and main town centre uses (excludes housing development).

Employment Land Review (ELR) - A study to review the current employment land supply and look to identify appropriate type, quantity and location of employment land which will be capable of accommodating projected economic growth across the plan period.

Energy Hierarchy - A hierarchy which prioritises the conservation and efficient use of energy, and then the generation of energy from renewable and low carbon sources.

Enterprise Zone – A designated area that provides tax breaks and Government support to help increase economic development in an area.

Equality Impact Assessment – Measures whether the Local Plan and policies discriminate against any disadvantaged or vulnerable people.

European Site - Includes candidate Special Areas of Conservation, Special Areas of Conservation and Special Protection Areas, defined in the Conservation of Habitats and Species Regulations 2010 (Regulation 8).

Examination - The process by which an independent planning inspector examines a local plan, with any public recommendations, before publishing a report on its soundness.

Exception Sites – Small sites used for affordable housing which would not usually be allowed residential development.

Exception Test - Provides a method of managing flood risk while still allowing necessary development to occur. The Exception Test is only appropriate for use when there are large areas in Flood Zones 2 and 3, where the Sequential Test alone cannot deliver acceptable sites.

Exceptional Circumstances – These are needed to justify making a change to the Green Belt in a Local Plan, as required by the National Planning Policy Framework.

Five year housing land supply – As set out by the NPPF, Local Planning Authorities should identify and annually update a supply of specific deliverable sites sufficient to provide five years' worth of housing land when set against their housing requirements.

Flood Risk Assessment – Assessment of the likelihood of flooding in a particular area so that development needs and mitigation measures can be carefully considered.

Flood Zones – National planning guidance sets out three levels of flood risk which can be mapped in zones. Zone 1 covers areas of little or no risk of flooding. Zone 2 covers areas with low to medium risk. Zone 3 covers areas of high risk. The Environment Agency produces and maps of these zones and updates them every 3 months.

Formal Greenspace – 'Good' quality greenspace which is well maintained and includes paths which are associated with recreation activities.

Fragmentation (spatial) - Separated urban spaces which are broken up by rural land or vice versa.

Geodiversity - The range rocks, minerals fossils, soils and landforms.

Green Belt - A designation for land around certain cities, towns and built up areas which aims to keep this land permanently open or largely undeveloped.

Green Infrastructure – A strategic network of multi-functional green space, both rural and urban, which supports natural and ecological process, has the potential to provide sustainable transport routes and is integral to the health and quality of life in sustainable communities.

Green Space – An area of grass, trees or other vegetation set apart for recreational or aesthetic purposes in an otherwise urban environment.

Greenfield Land/site - Land which has never been built on before or where the remains of any structure or activity have blended into the landscape over time.

Greenways/ Green Networks – Are generally car-free off-road routes for shared use by people of all abilities on foot, bike or horseback.

Habitats Regulation Assessment –Formal assessment of the impacts of a plan or project on specific nature conservation areas, namely Special Protection Area (SPA), Special Area of Conservation (SAC) or proposed Spas and Ramsar sites. The assessment is undertaken under the Habitats Directive and Regulations.

Health and Safety Executive (HSE) – A statutory consultee for planning applications around major hazard sites and major hazard pipelines. HSE sets a consultation distance around the major hazard site within which the planning authority must consult over relevant developments which are likely to lead to an increased population around the hazard.

Health Impact Assessment – Measures how the Local Plan and policies affect the health of the local population, and the distribution of those effects within the population.

Heritage Assessment – Provides information to understand the impact of proposals on the significance of any heritage assets affected i.e. a building, monument, site, place, area or landscape positively identified as having a degree of significance meriting consideration in planning decisions.

Historic England – A public body which looks after England's historic environment.

Historic Environment – All aspects of the environment which result from the interaction between people and places through time. Including all surviving physical remains of past human activity, whether visible, buried or submerged, and landscaped and planted or managed flora. Elements of the historic environment which hold significance are call heritage assets.

Housing Market Area (HMA) - The geographical area which reflects the functional relationships of a housing market. The North Derbyshire HMA covers North East Derbyshire, Chesterfield Borough, Bolsover District and Bassetlaw District.

Housing Trajectory – A means of showing past and future housing performance by identifying the predicated provision of housing over a period of time.

HS2 – High-speed railway which is aimed to be the new backbone of the national rail network, linking London, Birmingham, the East Midlands, Sheffield, Leeds and Manchester.

Impact Assessment (Character and Visual) – Aims to ensure that all possible effects of change and development both on the landscape itself and on views and visual amenity, are taken into account in decision-making.

Index of Multiple Deprivation (IMD) - A ward level index made up six indicators (income; employment; health deprivation and disability; education skills and training; housing; and geographical access to services). The IMD can help to identify areas for regeneration.

Infill Development - Building on a relatively small site between existing buildings in a substantially built up area.

Infrastructure – Basic services necessary for development to take place, for example, roads, electricity, sewerage, water, education and health facilities.

Infrastructure Delivery Plan IDP - The IDP identifies what physical, social and green infrastructure is needed, who will deliver the infrastructure, and when.

Land Availability Assessment (LAA) – An assessment which aims to identify land that may be appropriate for development (residential or employment). It assess the availability, suitability and achievability of potential sites. All sites identified are subject to assessment made in stages following the LAA methodology.

Land Instability – Land at risk of landslides, subsidence or ground heave due to the type of rock/soil of the land or from previous site uses such as coal mining. Failing to deal with land instability issues can result in harm to human health, local property, infrastructure and the wider environment.

Landscape Character - The distinct and recognisable pattern of elements that occur consistently in a particular type of landscape and give it recognisable identity.

Listed Building - A building of special architectural or historic interest, graded I (highest quality), to II* or II.

Local Centre - Includes a range of small shops and perhaps limited services of a local nature, serving a small catchment.

Local Development Scheme (LDS) - The Local Planning Authority's programme for preparing the Local Plan.

Local Distinctiveness – The positive features of a place and its communities which contribute to its special character and sense of place.

Local Enterprise Partnership (LEP) - North East Derbyshire falls within two LEP areas, the Sheffield City Region (SCR) and Derby & Derbyshire and Nottingham & Nottinghamshire (D2N2).

Local Green Spaces - Green areas of particular local importance identified for special protection according to criteria set out in the NPPF.

Local Nature Reserve – Habitats of local significance where protection and public understanding of nature conservation is encouraged.

Local Plan - Part of the development plan for a local area.

Local Settlement Gap (LSG) - Local Settlement Gaps- North East Derbyshire District Council's local designation of areas designed to maintain settlement identity.

Local Wildlife Sites - Local wildlife sites are non-statutory areas of local importance for nature conservation that complement nationally and internationally designated geological and wildlife sites.

Lowland Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire Local Nature Partnership – A group of organisations representing a variety of sectors. Formed to protect and improve the natural environment in the Lowland Derbyshire and Nottinghamshire area.

M1 Strategic Growth Corridor – Provides excellent north-south road links between Junctions 28-30. The M1 corridor has supported significant economic activity around Junction 29a which was built to serve the Markham Vale Business and Industrial Park.

Master Plan – A type of planning brief outlining the preferred usage of land and the overall approach to the layout of a development on a site or group of sites. To provide detailed guidance for subsequent planning applications.

Mineral Consultation Area – An area identified to ensure consultation between the relevant materials planning authority, the minerals industry and others before certain non-mineral planning applications made within the area are determined.

Minerals Application – Applications for mineral related developments, such as mineral extraction and ancillary works, quarries, peat workings and processing plants.

National Park - Designated by the Countryside Agency, subject to confirmation by the Secretary of State under the National Parks and Access to the Countryside Act 1949. The purposes of national parks are to conserve and enhance their natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage and to promote opportunities for public understanding and enjoyment of their special qualities.

National Planning Policy Framework – Sets out the Government's planning policies for England and how these are expected to be applied. It sets out the Government's requirements for the planning system only to the extent that it is relevant, proportionate and necessary to do so.

Neighbourhood Plan - A plan prepared by a Parish or town Council or Neighbourhood Forum for a particular neighbourhood area. Once adopted, the Neighbourhood Plan becomes part of the development plan for the area.

Objectively Assessed Housing Need (OAN) – Need of market and affordable housing in a District or Housing Market Area.

Office for National Statistics (ONS) - The executive office of the UK Statistics Authority, a non-ministerial department which reports directly to Parliament. ONS is the UK Government's single largest statistical producer.

One Public Estate Programme – A national programme which aims to support and fund councils to help deliver property-focused programmes and utilising the Council's collective assets.

Outline Planning Application – A general application for planning permission to establish that a development is acceptable in principle, subject to subsequent, approval of detailed matters. Does not apply to changes of use.

Phasing or Phased Development - The phasing of development into manageable parts, for example and annual rate of housing release for a large development that may need to be controlled so as to avoid destabilising housing markets and causing low demand.

Planning & Compulsory Purchase Act 2004 - The Act introduces:

  • a statutory system for regional planning
  • a new system for local planning
  • reforms to the development control and compulsory purchase and compensation systems
  • removal of crown immunity from planning controls.

Planning Condition – A condition imposed on a grant of planning permission or a condition included in a Local Development Order or Neighbourhood Development Order.

Planning Permission – Formal approval sought from a local planning authority to allow a proposed development to proceed, often granted with conditions.

Planning Policy Statements (PPS) – Issued by central government to replace the Planning Policy Guidance notes to provide greater clarity and to remove from national policy advice on practical implementation, which is better expressed as guidance rather than policy.

Pollution - Anything which affects the quality of land, air, water, or soils which might lead to an adverse impact on human health, the natural environment, or general amenity.

Previously Developed Land (PDL) or 'Brownfield' Land - Land which is or was occupied by a permanent structure. This excludes land that is or has been occupied by agricultural or forestry buildings, land that has been developed for minerals extraction or waste disposal where provision has been made for restoration.

Primary & Secondary Frontages - Primary frontages tend to include a high proportion of retail uses which may include food, drinks, clothing and household goods. Secondary frontages provide a greater diversity of uses such as restaurants, and businesses.

Protected Species - Plants and animal species afforded protection under certain Acts of Parliament and Regulations.

Public Art – Works of art visible to or benefitting the general public. Can be permanent or temporary, usually manifested physically, for example, sculptures, lighting effects or street furniture.

Public Open Space - Urban space, designated by a council, which fulfils or can fulfil a recreational or non-recreational role (for example, amenity, ecological, educational, social or cultural usages).

Public Realm - The publicly accessible external space including pavements, streets, squares, parks.

Reclaimed/Reclamation – Operations designed to return an area to an acceptable environmental state, whether for the resumption of the former land use or for a new use. Including restoration, aftercare, soil handling, filling and contouring operations.

Regeneration – The economic, social and environmental renewal and improvement of rural and urban areas.

Regionally Important Geological Sites (RIGS) – A non-statutory regionally important geological or geo-morphological site (basically relating to rocks, the Earth's structure and landform).

Registered Parks and Gardens - Designated heritage assets of national importance which are registered for their special historic interest.

Renewable and Low Carbon Energy - Energy that reduces emissions of CO2 and other 'greenhouse' gases. For example, biomass and energy crops; combined heat and power; heat pumps, such as ground-source and air-source heat pumps; energy from waste including from solid recovered fuel; hydro; solar thermal and photovoltaic generation and wind generation.

Reserved Matters Permission – Within three years of approval of an Outline Planning Permission an application for the outstanding reserved matters can be made. This will typically include information about the layout, access, scale and appearance of the development.

Restrictive Condition (occupancy) – A planning condition "for regulating the development or use of any land under the control of the applicant".

Retail Capacity Study – Provides evidence on shopping patterns and future retail needs commissioned jointly between Bolsover District, Chesterfield Borough and North East Derbyshire District.

Retail Floorspace – Total floor area of a property that is associated with all retail uses. Usually measured in square metres. May be expressed as a net figure (the sales area) or in gross (including storage, preparation and staff areas).

Retail Impact Assessment(s) – Undertaken for an application for retail use on the impact of the proposal on the vitality and viability of existing centres within the catchment area of the proposed development. The assessment includes the likely cumulative effect of recent permissions, developments under construction and completed developments.

Retail Offer – The range and mixture of different quality, sizes and types of shop within or outside town, district and local centres.

Safeguarding/Safeguarded Zone – An area defined in Circular 01/03: Safeguarding aerodromes, technical sites and military explosives storage areas, to safeguard such sites.

Scheduled Ancient Monument – Nationally important monuments that enjoy greater protection against inappropriate development through the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979.

Section 106 Agreements - Legal agreements under Section 106 of the 1990 Town & Country Planning Act, which are between a planning authority and a developer, or undertakings offered unilaterally by a developer, that ensure certain necessary extra works related to a development are undertaken.

Self-Build Housing – Self-building is the act of commissioning a bespoke home that's tailored to the individuals design requirements.

Sequential Approach/ Sequential Test - A planning principle that seeks to identify, allocate or develop certain types or locations of land before others. For example, brownfield housing sites before Greenfield sites, or town centre retail sites before out-of-centre sites.

Setting (of a Heritage Asset) - Is defined as the surroundings in which a heritage asset is experienced. Its extent is not fixed and may change as the asset and its surroundings evolve.

Settlement Development Limit (SDL) - A boundary drawn around a settlement which broadly reflects its built form and is used as a policy tool to define the area within or outside which a Local Plan policy will apply.

Settlement Hierarchy Study – Provides information about settlements in the district and the services and facilities they provide. The primary aim is to promote sustainable communities, and provide an initial spatial strategy for the location of major development across the district.

Sheffield City Region - LEP that brings together the eight local authorities of Barnsley, Bassetlaw, Bolsover, Chesterfield, Doncaster, North East Derbyshire, Rotherham and Sheffield to work with businesses and other partners towards encouraging growth and economic activity to create a prosperous and sustainable City Region.

Sites of Special Scientific Interest (SSSIs) – A conservation designation denoting sites which are protected by law to conserve their wildlife or geology.

Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs) – Non-subsidiary, independent firms which employ less than a given number of employees, usually 250.

Social Infrastructure - Facilities enabling social interaction and wellbeing including community, leisure, cultural, education and children's services, adult care and health buildings and other facilities such as local shops, places of worship, pubs and post offices.

Spatial Planning – Brings together and integrates policies for the development and use of land. Includes policies which can impact on land use by influencing the demands on development, but are not capable of being delivered solely or mainly through the granting or refusal of planning permission and may be implemented by other means.

Special Areas of Conservation (SAC) - Areas given special protection under the European Habitats Directive, which is transposed into UK law by the Habitats and Conservation of Species Regulations 2010.

Special Protection Area (SPA) - Areas which have been identified as being of international importance for the breeding, feeding, wintering, or the migration of rate and vulnerable species of birds found within EU countries. SPA's are European designated site, classified under the Birds Directive.

Specialist Housing - Housing to meet the needs of groups of people who may be disadvantaged, such as the elderly, the disabled, students, young single people, rough sleepers, the homeless etc.

Starter Homes - New dwellings only available for purchase by qualifying first-time buyers which are to be sold at a discount of at least 20 per cent of market value, and less than the price cap of £250,000 outside Greater London.

Statement of Community Involvement (SCI) - Sets out the standards to be achieved by the local authority in involving the local community in the preparation, alteration, and continuing review of the Local Plan and development management decisions.

Statement of Consultation - A report by the local planning authority explaining how they have complied with the Statement of Community Involvement during consultation on the Local Plan.

Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) - A procedure which requires the formal environmental assessment of certain plans and programmes which are likely to have significant effects on the environment (set out in the Environmental Assessment of Plans & Programmes Regulations 2004).

Strategic Flood Risk Assessment (SFRA) – Maps all forms of flood risk and forms the evidence base to locate new development primarily in low flood risk areas (Zone 1). Areas of 'low (zone 1) 'medium' (level 2), and 'high' (level 3) risk are mapped using data collected from many sources including the Environment Agency and water utility companies.

Strategic Gap - Land with predominantly open or rural appearance maintained to prevent neighbouring areas from merging.

Strategic Housing Market Assessment (SHMA) - An assessment of the level of future housing provision and the mix of housing required, prepared across the Housing Market Area.

Strategic Site - A site allocated in a Local Plan which is central to the achievement of the Plan strategy.

Sui-Generis – A term given to the uses of land or buildings, not falling into any of the use classes identified by the Use Classes Order 2005, for example amusement arcades, launderettes, car showrooms and petrol filling stations.

Supplementary Planning Document (SPD) - A document which adds further detail to the policies in the Local Plan. SPDs can be used to provide further guidance for development on specific sites, or on particular issues. SPDs are capable of being a material consideration in planning decisions, but are not part of the development plan.

Sustainability Appraisal (SA) – An appraisal of the economic, environmental and social effects of a plan from the outset of the preparation process to allow decisions to be made that accord with sustainable development.

Sustainable Development – The principle for meeting human development goals whilst sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services which the economy and society depend. The 17 Global Goals for Sustainable Development have shaped the world's approach to growth and sustainable development until 2030.

Sustainable Drainage Systems (SuDS) – Drainage techniques used to help return excess surface run-off for natural watercourses (rivers, streams, lakes and so on) without negatively affecting people and the environment. These might include ponds or reed beds to hold water before it runs into a watercourse.

Sustainable Transport/ Travel – Often meaning walking, cycling and use of public transport (and in some circumstances "car- sharing"), which is considered to be less damaging to the environment and reduce traffic congestion and pollution.

Town Centre Uses – These are uses other than shopping that are commonly found in town centres including retail, social, leisure and cultural, housing, employment and other uses.

Transport Assessment - A process that sets out transport issues relating to a proposed development.

Travel Plan - A long-term management strategy for an organisation or site to deliver sustainable transport objectives through action and is articulated in a document that is regularly reviewed.

Tree Preservation Order (TPO) - A mechanism for securing the preservation of single trees or groups of trees of acknowledged public amenity value. A TPO prevents trees being topped, lopped or felled without the consent of the local planning authority.

Urban Design - The art of making places, involving the design of buildings, groups of buildings, spaces and landscapes, in villages, towns and cities, to create successful development.

Urban Sprawl – The uncontrolled or unplanned extension of urban areas into the countryside.

Use Classes – The Town and Country Planning (Use Classes) Order 1987 (as amended) puts uses of land and buildings into various categories. Traditional Employment uses are covered by B1, B2 and B8.

Viability - In financial terms, a viable development could proceed if there were no financial reason for it not to, in relation to development costs and returns. In terms of retailing, viability is a measure of a centre's capacity to attract ongoing investment for maintenance, importance and adaptation to changing needs.

Vitality - In terms of retailing, the capacity of a centre to grow or develop its likeliness and level of activity.

Wildlife corridor - A strip of land (for example, along a hedgerow) connecting wildlife populations.

Windfall Site – Sites which have not been specifically identified as available in the Local Plan process. They normally comprise previously-developed sites that have unexpectedly become available.

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